Valine ruminants INRA 2007

Truly digestible valine in the small intestine of the dairy cow according to INRA 2007.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate - 6.1 % PDIE
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter - 6.6 % PDIE
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter - 6.6 % PDIE
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter - 6.5 % PDIE
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter - 6.4 % PDIE
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter - 6.7 % PDIE
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter - 6.4 % PDIE
Ammonium ferric citrate - 0 % PDIE
Ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate - 0 % PDIE
Apple pomace, dried - 5.8 % PDIE
Bakery byproduct - 5.8 % PDIE
Bananas, immature, dried - 5.6 % PDIE
Barley - 5.8 % PDIE
Barley distillers grains, dried - 5.8 % PDIE
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh - 5.8 % PDIE
Barley rootlets, dried - 5.7 % PDIE
Beet pulp, dried - 6.3 % PDIE
Beet pulp, pressed - 6.3 % PDIE
Biscuit byproduct - 5.8 % PDIE
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried - 6.3 % PDIE
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried - 6.3 % PDIE
Blood meal - 7.5 % PDIE
Brewers grains, dried - 5.7 % PDIE
Brewers yeast, dried - 5.8 % PDIE
Buckwheat hulls - 6 % PDIE
Ca Al Fe phosphate - 0 % PDIE
Calcium carbonate - 0 % PDIE
Calcium chloride anhydrous - 0 % PDIE
Calcium chloride dihydrate - 0 % PDIE
Calcium iodate anhydrous - 0 % PDIE
Calcium iodate hexahydrate - 0 % PDIE
Calcium iodide - 0 % PDIE
Calcium magnesium phosphate - 0 % PDIE
Calcium selenite - 0 % PDIE
Calcium sulfate anhydrous - 0 % PDIE
Calcium sulfate dihydrate - 0 % PDIE
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% - 5.9 % PDIE
Canola meal, oil < 5% - 5.7 % PDIE
Carob pod meal - 6.4 % PDIE
Cassava pulp, dried - 5.9 % PDIE
Cassava, starch 66-70% - 5.9 % PDIE
Cassava, starch 70-74% - 5.9 % PDIE
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% - 5.7 % PDIE
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% - 5.7 % PDIE
Chickpea, kabuli type - 5.4 % PDIE
Chicory pulp, dehydrated - 5.9 % PDIE
Citrus pulp, dried - 5.8 % PDIE
Citrus pulp, fresh - 5.9 % PDIE
Cobalt carbonate FG - 0 % PDIE
Cobalt glucoheptonate - 0 % PDIE
Cobalt oxide FG - 0 % PDIE
Cobalt selenite - 0 % PDIE
Cobalt sulfate heptahydrate - 0 % PDIE
Cocoa hulls - 5.4 % PDIE
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% - 5.5 % PDIE
Cod liver oil - 0 % PDIE
Common bean - 5.7 % PDIE
Common vetch - 6 % PDIE
Copper acetate - 0 % PDIE
Copper carbonate - 0 % PDIE
Copper chloride dihydrate - 0 % PDIE
Copper chloride tribasic - 0 % PDIE
Copper citrate - 0 % PDIE
Copper lysine - 0 % PDIE
Copper methionine - 0 % PDIE
Copper oxide - 0 % PDIE
Copper proteinate - 0 % PDIE
Copper sulfate - 0 % PDIE
Copra meal, oil 5-20% - 5.8 % PDIE
Copra meal, oil < 5% - 5.8 % PDIE
Copra oil - 0 % PDIE
Corn gluten feed - 5.9 % PDIE
Corn gluten meal - 4.9 % PDIE
Cottonseed hulls - 5.4 % PDIE
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% - 5.3 % PDIE
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% - 5.4 % PDIE
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% - 5.4 % PDIE
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% - 5.4 % PDIE
Cottonseed, whole - 5.2 % PDIE
Cottonseed, whole, extruded - 5 % PDIE
Cowpea seed - 5.7 % PDIE
Diammonium phosphate - 0 % PDIE
Dicalcium phosphate anhydrous - 0 % PDIE
Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate - 0 % PDIE
Diiodosalicylic acid - 0 % PDIE
Disodium phosphate anhydrous - 0 % PDIE
Disodium phosphate hydrate - 0 % PDIE
DL-methionine - 0 % PDIE
Dolomite limestone - 0 % PDIE
Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide - 0 % PDIE
Faba bean, coloured flowers - 5.5 % PDIE
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded - 5.4 % PDIE
Faba bean, white flowers - 5.5 % PDIE
Feather meal - 6.9 % PDIE
Ferric chloride - 0 % PDIE
Ferric citrate - 0 % PDIE
Ferric phosphate - 0 % PDIE
Ferric polyphosphate - 0 % PDIE
Ferric pyrophosphate - 0 % PDIE
Ferric sodium pyrophosphate - 0 % PDIE
Ferrous carbonate - 0 % PDIE
Ferrous chloride - 0 % PDIE
Ferrous sulfate monohydrate - 0 % PDIE
Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate - 0 % PDIE
Fish meal, protein 62% - 5.6 % PDIE
Fish meal, protein 65% - 5.6 % PDIE
Fish meal, protein 70% - 5.6 % PDIE
Fish oil, anchovy - 0 % PDIE
Fish oil, capelin - 0 % PDIE
Fish oil, herring - 0 % PDIE
Fish oil, menhaden - 0 % PDIE
Fish oil, rockfish - 0 % PDIE
Fish oil, salmon - 0 % PDIE
Fish oil, sardine - 0 % PDIE
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted - 4.7 % PDIE
Fish solubles, condensed, fat - 4.7 % PDIE
Fodder beet, raw - 6.3 % PDIE
Grape pomace, dried - 5.6 % PDIE
Grape pulp, dried - 5.6 % PDIE
Grape pulp, dried - 5.6 % PDIE
Grape seeds - 5.5 % PDIE
Grapeseed oil meal - 5.6 % PDIE
Grass, dehydrated - 6.1 % PDIE
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% - 5 % PDIE
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% - 5 % PDIE
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% - 5 % PDIE
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified - 5.2 % PDIE
L-lysine HCl - 0 % PDIE
L-threonine - 0 % PDIE
L-tryptophan - 0 % PDIE
L-valine - 0 % PDIE
Lard - 0 % PDIE
Lentils - 5.6 % PDIE
Limestone - 0 % PDIE
Linseed meal, oil < 5% - 5.6 % PDIE
Linseed meal, oil > 5% - 5.6 % PDIE
Linseed, whole - 5.6 % PDIE
Linseed, whole, extruded - 5.4 % PDIE
Liquid potato feed - 5.9 % PDIE
Lupin, blue - 5.5 % PDIE
Lupin, white - 5.4 % PDIE
Lupin, white, extruded - 5.3 % PDIE
Magnesium acetate - 0 % PDIE
Magnesium carbonate RG - 0 % PDIE
Magnesium citrate - 0 % PDIE
Magnesium hydroxide - 0 % PDIE
Magnesium lactate - 0 % PDIE
Magnesium oxide - 0 % PDIE
Magnesium oxide, granular - 0 % PDIE
Magnesium oxide, powder - 0 % PDIE
Magnesium phosphate - 0 % PDIE
Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate RG - 0 % PDIE
Magnesium sulfate monohydrate RG - 0 % PDIE
Maize - 5.6 % PDIE
Maize bran - 5.8 % PDIE
Maize bran, starch production - 5.8 % PDIE
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried - 5.7 % PDIE
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried - 5.7 % PDIE
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% - 5.8 % PDIE
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% - 5.8 % PDIE
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% - 5.8 % PDIE
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% - 5.7 % PDIE
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% - 5.6 % PDIE
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% - 5.9 % PDIE
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% - 5.9 % PDIE
Maize germs - 5.7 % PDIE
Maize starch - 5.9 % PDIE
Maize, extruded - 5.5 % PDIE
Maize, flaked - 5.5 % PDIE
Maize, high moisture - 5.7 % PDIE
Manganese carbonate - 0 % PDIE
Manganese chloride dihydrate - 0 % PDIE
Manganese chloride tetrahydrate - 0 % PDIE
Manganese methionine - 0 % PDIE
Manganese oxide MnO - 0 % PDIE
Manganese oxide MnO-Mn2O3 - 0 % PDIE
Manganese oxide MnO2 - 0 % PDIE
Manganese proteinate - 0 % PDIE
Manganese sulfate monohydrate - 0 % PDIE
Mealworm larvae, dried - 6.4 % PDIE
Methionine Hydroxy Analog MHA - 0 % PDIE
Milk powder, skimmed - 5.9 % PDIE
Milk powder, whole - 5.9 % PDIE
Millet, pearl - 5.6 % PDIE
Millet, proso - 5.8 % PDIE
Molasses, beet - 5.9 % PDIE
Molasses, sugarcane - 5.9 % PDIE
Molybdenum metal - 0 % PDIE
Molybdenum trioxide - 0 % PDIE
Monoammonium phosphate - 0 % PDIE
Monocalcium phosphate - 0 % PDIE
Monodicalcium phosphate - 0 % PDIE
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous - 0 % PDIE
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous FG - 0 % PDIE
Monosodium phosphate hydrate - 0 % PDIE
Monosodium phosphate hydrate FG - 0 % PDIE
Mustard bran - 5.8 % PDIE
Oat groats - 5.8 % PDIE
Oat hulls - 5.9 % PDIE
Oats - 5.8 % PDIE
Oats, flaked - 5.8 % PDIE
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% - 6.3 % PDIE
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% - 6.3 % PDIE
Olive pulp, oil < 10% - 6.1 % PDIE
Olive pulp, oil > 10% - 6.6 % PDIE
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% - 5.8 % PDIE
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% - 5.7 % PDIE
Palm oil - 0 % PDIE
Pea - 5.7 % PDIE
Pea protein concentrate - 5.2 % PDIE
Pea, extruded - 5.5 % PDIE
Pentacalcium orthoperiodate - 0 % PDIE
Phosphate, defluorinated - 0 % PDIE
Potassium iodide - 0 % PDIE
Potato protein concentrate - 6.1 % PDIE
Potato pulp, dried - 5.6 % PDIE
Potato tuber, dried - 5.9 % PDIE
Poultry fat - 0 % PDIE
Processed animal proteins, pig - 5.2 % PDIE
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 45-60% - 5.9 % PDIE
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 60-70% - 5.8 % PDIE
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein > 70% - 5.4 % PDIE
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% - 5.8 % PDIE
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% - 5.8 % PDIE
Rapeseed oil - 0 % PDIE
Rapeseed, whole - 5.8 % PDIE
Rapeseed, whole, extruded - 5.8 % PDIE
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% - 5.9 % PDIE
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% - 5.9 % PDIE
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% - 6 % PDIE
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% - 5.9 % PDIE
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% - 5.9 % PDIE
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% - 5.9 % PDIE
Rice hulls - 6 % PDIE
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% - 5.9 % PDIE
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% - 5.9 % PDIE
Rice, brown - 5.9 % PDIE
Rice, paddy - 5.9 % PDIE
Rice, polished, broken - 5.9 % PDIE
Rye - 5.8 % PDIE
Seashells, ground - 0 % PDIE
Selenium methionine - 0 % PDIE
Selenium yeast - 0 % PDIE
Sesame meal, oil > 5% - 5.5 % PDIE
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% - 6 % PDIE
Shrimp meal - 5.8 % PDIE
Sodium bicarbonate - 0 % PDIE
Sodium chloride - 0 % PDIE
Sodium iodide - 0 % PDIE
Sodium molybdate dihydrate - 0 % PDIE
Sodium selenate - 0 % PDIE
Sodium selenite - 0 % PDIE
Sodium sulfate - 0 % PDIE
Sodium-calcium-magnesium phosphate - 0 % PDIE
Sorghum - 5.7 % PDIE
Soybean hulls - 5.6 % PDIE
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% - 5.3 % PDIE
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil - 5.4 % PDIE
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil - 5.3 % PDIE
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded - 5.3 % PDIE
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated - 5.3 % PDIE
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil - 5.3 % PDIE
Soybean molasses - 5.9 % PDIE
Soybean oil - 0 % PDIE
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% - 5.3 % PDIE
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% - 5.3 % PDIE
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% - 5.3 % PDIE
Soybean, whole, extruded - 5.3 % PDIE
Soybean, whole, flaked - 5.4 % PDIE
Soybean, whole, toasted - 5.3 % PDIE
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded - 5.3 % PDIE
Sunflower hulls - 5.5 % PDIE
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled - 5.7 % PDIE
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled - 5.6 % PDIE
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled - 5.7 % PDIE
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled - 5.7 % PDIE
Sunflower oil - 0 % PDIE
Sunflower seed, whole - 5.7 % PDIE
Sweet potato, dried - 5.9 % PDIE
Tallow - 0 % PDIE
Tomato pulp, dehydrated - 5.3 % PDIE
Tricalcium phosphate - 0 % PDIE
Triticale - 5.7 % PDIE
Urea - 0 % PDIE
Vinasse, different origins - 5.9 % PDIE
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid - 5.9 % PDIE
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % - 5.9 % PDIE
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% - 5.9 % PDIE
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% - 5.9 % PDIE
Wheat bran - 5.6 % PDIE
Wheat bran from starch production - 5.7 % PDIE
Wheat bran, durum - 5.6 % PDIE
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried - 5.4 % PDIE
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried - 5.5 % PDIE
Wheat feed flour - 5.7 % PDIE
Wheat feed flour, durum - 5.7 % PDIE
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum - 5.7 % PDIE
Wheat gluten - 4.5 % PDIE
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch - 5.8 % PDIE
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch - 5.8 % PDIE
Wheat middlings (average) - 5.7 % PDIE
Wheat middlings, durum - 5.7 % PDIE
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% - 5.6 % PDIE
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% - 5.7 % PDIE
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% - 5.7 % PDIE
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% - 5.7 % PDIE
Wheat straw - 6 % PDIE
Wheat, durum - 5.5 % PDIE
Wheat, soft - 5.6 % PDIE
Whey permeate - 5.9 % PDIE
Whey powder, acid - 5.9 % PDIE
Whey powder, sweet - 5.9 % PDIE
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% - 5.9 % PDIE
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% - 5.9 % PDIE
Zinc carbonate FG - 0 % PDIE
Zinc carbonate RG - 0 % PDIE
Zinc chloride - 0 % PDIE
Zinc lysine - 0 % PDIE
Zinc metal - 0 % PDIE
Zinc methionine - 0 % PDIE
Zinc oxide - 0 % PDIE
Zinc sulfate heptahydrate RG - 0 % PDIE