Barley

Barley grain (Hordeum vulgare L.). This feed includes two-row and six-row barleys but not hulless ("naked") varieties.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.2 100 % - 1.3 80.2 -93.2 7236 2.1
Crude protein 9.9 11.3 % - 0.9 6.7 -14.6 9702 1.1 7.9 -16.7 7155
Crude fibre 4.7 5.4 % - 0.6 2 -8.3 7265 0.7 2.3 -8.2 6330
Crude fat 1.6 1.9 % - 0.3 1 -2.7 1853 0.3 1.2 -3.1 1692
Ash 2.2 2.5 % - 0.2 1.5 -3.4 2191 0.3 1.7 -3.7 1883
Insoluble ash 0.4 0.5 % - 0.1 0.2 -0.6 23 0.1 0.2 -0.7 23
NDF 18.7 21.5 % - 2 11.6 -24.2 543 2.3 13.3 -27.8 412
ADF 5.6 6.5 % - 0.8 3.7 -8.1 536 0.9 4.3 -9.2 405
Lignin 1.1 1.2 % - 0.3 0.5 -1.9 510 0.3 0.5 -2.1 378
Water insoluble cell walls 15.3 17.5 % - 1.4 12.4 -21.2 480 1.6 14.1 -24.4 358
Starch 52.3 59.9 % - 1.9 45.1 -61.1 4821 2 50.9 -67.4 4100
Starch, enzymatic method 50.7 58.2 % - 3.7 38.7 -57.6 38 4.2 45.3 -67 69
Total sugars 2.2 2.5 % - 0.7 0.7 -4.3 228 0.7 1.1 -4.8 173
Gross energy (kcal) 3820 4380 kcal/kg - 70 3490 -4090 111 50 4200 -4590 337
Gross energy (MJ) 16 18.3 MJ/kg - 0.3 14.6 -17.1 111 0.2 17.6 -19.2 337
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.7 0.8 g/kg - 0.6 0.1 -2.9 1099 0.7 0.1 -17.9 1071
Phosphorus 3.4 3.9 g/kg - 0.3 2.4 -4.2 505 0.3 2.9 -4.6 337
Phytate phosphorus 1.9 2.1 g/kg 55 % P 0.5 1.2 -3 42 0.5 1.3 -3.4 71 8 40-79 71
Magnesium 1.1 1.3 g/kg - 0.2 0.8 -1.9 64 0.2 0.9 -2.1 68
Potassium 4.8 5.5 g/kg - 0.6 3.2 -6.4 111 0.7 3.4 -7.4 90
Sodium 0.1 0.11 g/kg - 0.08 0 -0.52 279 0.09 0 -0.59 252
Chlorine 1 1.2 g/kg - 0.3 0.3 -2.1 76 0.4 0.4 -2.5 52
Sulfur 1.3 1.5 g/kg - 0.3 0.9 -2.1 13 0.3 1.1 -2.3 14
Dietary cation-anion difference 19 21 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 98 113 mEq/kg -
Manganese 16 18 mg/kg - 5 7 -23 48 6 9 -37 47
Zinc 30 34 mg/kg - 8 16 -86 51 9 22 -62 49
Copper 8 9 mg/kg - 5 1 -27 53 6 1 -30 45
Iron 107 123 mg/kg - 123 27 -502 61 141 32 -557 43
Selenium 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 0.4 0.01 -2 20
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 1
Molybdenum 0.4 0.5 mg/kg - 1
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 0.03 0.08 -0.2 10 0.03 0.1 -0.2 10
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.05 0.05 g/kg 0.4 % FA 0.04 -0.09 2 0.04 -0.1 2 0.3-0.5 2
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.7 3.1 g/kg 21.2 % FA 0.4 2.5 -4 13 0.5 2.8 -4.4 13 2 19-26.9 13
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.02 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1 1 1
C18:0 stearic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 1.1 % FA 0.08 0.08 -0.4 13 0.1 0.1 -0.4 13 0.5 0.6-2.3 12
C18:1 oleic acid 1.7 1.9 g/kg 13.4 % FA 0.5 1.6 -3.6 13 0.6 1.8 -4 13 2.2 11.4-17.8 12
C18:2 linoleic acid 7 8 g/kg 55.9 % FA 0.9 6.9 -9.6 13 1 7.9 -10.6 13 1.2 53-57.5 12
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.1 1.3 g/kg 8.7 % FA 0.4 0.6 -1.7 13 0.4 0.6 -2 13 2.3 4.4-11.6 12
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.9 % FA 1 1 1
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 1.3 1.4 % 76 % fat 2 74-79 6
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 2.2 2.6 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 16.3 18.7 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0.02 0.03 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 4.5 5.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 1.5 1.8 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4 4.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 53.2 60.9 mg/kg - 1
Pantothenic acid 7.5 8.6 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.1 0.2 mg/kg - 0.01 0.1 -0.2 5
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Choline 1014 1162 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 4.2 mL/g
Phytase activity 640 730 IU/kg - 320 210 -1080 30 360 250 -2320 30
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.97 1.11 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.97 1.11 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 26 30 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 76 87 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -20 -23 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.169 0.194 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2580 2960 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1710 1950 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1700 1950 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.6 12.2 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7 8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7 8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 79.4 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 71 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 86 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 73 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.6 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.1 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.99 1.13 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.99 1.13 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 22 25 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 74 85 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -19 -22 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.93 1.07 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.92 1.06 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 31 36 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 80 91 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -24 -27 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.94 1.08 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.95 1.09 per kg - 0.94 -0.96 2
UFV INRA 2007 0.92 1.06 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.94 1.08 per kg - 0.93 -0.95 2
PDIA INRA 2007 29 33 g/kg - 8 27 -31 2 9 14 -49 13
PDIN INRA 2007 67 77 g/kg - 8 63 -73 2 9 65 -98 13
PDIE INRA 2007 88 100 g/kg - 8 86 -118 13
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2580 2960 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.7 12.2 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.8 12.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 83.4 % 12.1 60.1-89.5 9
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 80.8 % 80.4-82.1 2
N digestibility ruminants - 66.1 % 63.6-91 4
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 91 % 42.7-95.5 2
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 71 % 10 52-90 35
Immediately degradable N (a) - 29 % 19 7-55 8
Potentially degradable N (b) - 65 % 19 29-87 8
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.11 h-1 0.105 0.097-0.345 8
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 89 % 88-91 3
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 52 % 1
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 48 % 1
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.205 h-1 1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 75 % 14 31-84 16
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 44 % 17 3-57 17
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 45 % 15 45-87 7
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.135 h-1 0.175 0.027-0.55 7
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 64.7 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.6 2.9 g/kg 76 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.4 0.4 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 954 1093 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1031 1182 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 76 87 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -24 -28 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4.8 5.5 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.7 2 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 71.7 82.2 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.14 3.6 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.61 1.84 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.52 1.74 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.74 1.99 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.17 1.34 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 27 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 32 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 6.7 7.7 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 137 157 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -6 -7 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3070 3520 kcal/kg - 130 2830 -3210 19 140 3000 -3670 33
ME growing pig (kcal) 2970 3410 kcal/kg - 70 2870 -3020 6 60 3310 -3470 6
NE growing pig (kcal) 2280 2610 kcal/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (kcal) 3150 3610 kcal/kg - 1 3410 -3710 3
ME adult pig (kcal) 3030 3470 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2320 2660 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 12.8 14.7 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 12.4 14.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.5 10.9 MJ/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (MJ) 13.2 15.1 MJ/kg - 1
ME adult pig (MJ) 12.7 14.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.7 11.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 80.3 % 2.3 74.4-84 29
Energy digestibility adult pig - 82.6 % 80.5-83.5 2
OM digestibility growing pig - 83.3 % 40.5-85.7 4
OM digestibility adult pig - 85.3 % 83.1-86.3 2
N digestibility growing pig - 74.7 % 9.4 52.4-87 12
N digestibility adult pig - 79.8 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 80 % 5.3 68.3-86.1 16
Crude fat digestibility pig - 22.2 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.1 1.2 g/kg 32 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 1.4 1.6 g/kg 41 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2730 3130 kcal/kg - 230 2250 -2990 16 260 2490 -3650 16
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2600 2980 kcal/kg - 100 2400 -2810 11 110 2660 -3130 27
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 11.4 13.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 10.9 12.5 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 2 2.3 g/kg 59 % P
Available P broiler 2 2.3 g/kg 59 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 82.8 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 79.6 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.99 1.14 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 70 80 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3020 3460 kcal/kg - 2950 -3200 2 3330 -3740 4
ME rabbit (kcal) 2920 3350 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.6 14.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.2 14 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 79 % 75.7-82.4 3
N digestibility rabbit - 68.5 % 53.3-84.8 4
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 1960 2240 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 8.2 9.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 15.7 % 8-26.8 4
N digestibility salmonids - 73.2 % 53-100 4
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3.7 4.3 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.4 2.8 -5.3 101 0.5 3.5 -5.4 26 0.3 2.7-4.1 93
Threonine 3.4 3.9 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 0.5 2.5 -4.5 100 0.5 3 -4.9 26 0.1 2.7-3.6 93
Methionine 1.7 1.9 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 0.3 1.1 -2.2 101 0.3 1.2 -2.4 26 0.2 0.9-2.1 93
Cystine 2.3 2.6 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.3 1.7 -3.1 199 0.3 1.9 -3.5 130 0.2 1.7-2.8 202
Methionine + cystine 3.9 4.5 g/kg 4 g/16g N 0.5 2.9 -5.3 192 0.5 3.3 -6.1 124 0.3 3.3-4.8 195
Tryptophan 1.2 1.4 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 0.2 1 -1.9 111 0.2 1.1 -1.9 49 0.08 1.1-1.4 119
Isoleucine 3.6 4.1 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.5 2.5 -4.9 100 0.6 3 -5.5 26 0.2 2.8-3.9 93
Valine 5 5.7 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 0.7 3.6 -6.7 100 0.8 4.4 -7.4 26 0.2 4-5.3 93
Leucine 6.8 7.7 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 1 4.9 -9.6 100 1.2 5.8 -10.4 26 0.3 5.3-7 93
Phenylalanine 4.8 5.5 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1 3.2 -8 99 1.1 3.9 -8 25 0.3 3.9-5.5 92
Tyrosine 2.8 3.2 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 0.6 1.6 -4.2 114 0.7 2.2 -4.8 65 0.4 2-3.6 128
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 7.6 8.7 g/kg 7.7 g/16g N 1.3 5.3 -12.2 101 1.5 6.7 -13.1 52 0.6 5.9-9.1 113
Histidine 2.3 2.6 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.3 1.6 -3 100 0.4 1.9 -3.4 26 0.1 1.7-2.4 93
Arginine 4.8 5.5 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.8 3.8 -7.4 100 0.9 4.4 -8 26 0.2 4.3-5.4 93
Alanine 4.1 4.7 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 0.5 3.3 -5.5 100 0.5 3.9 -5.9 26 0.2 3.3-4.5 93
Aspartic acid 5.9 6.7 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 0.7 4.8 -8.1 99 0.8 5.7 -8.7 26 0.4 4.7-6.6 92
Glutamic acid 22.4 25.7 g/kg 22.7 g/16g N 4.3 16 -36.3 99 4.9 17.6 -36.4 26 1.5 17.3-27.1 92
Glycine 4 4.6 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 0.5 3.2 -5.3 100 0.5 3.8 -5.7 26 0.3 3-4.6 93
Serine 4.1 4.7 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.7 3.1 -5.7 100 0.8 3.6 -6.5 26 0.2 3.5-4.6 93
Proline 10.4 11.9 g/kg 10.5 g/16g N 2.3 6.4 -16.5 100 2.7 7.4 -16.8 26 0.8 7.8-11.8 93
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3.2 g/kg 75 % 5 69-85 18
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 2.9 g/kg 75 % 6 65-87 18
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.6 g/kg 83 % 0.1 1.4 -1.6 4 0.2 1.6 -2 5 3 77-88 14
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.2 g/kg 84 % 0.4 1.6 -2.5 4 0.4 1.9 -2.9 5 5 76-91 14
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.8 g/kg 84 % 3 -4 4 3.4 -4.6 4 4 78-88 12
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.1 g/kg 79 % 1 1 10 57-87 8
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3.3 g/kg 81 % 4 74-87 15
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.6 g/kg 80 % 4 75-88 15
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.6 6.4 g/kg 83 % 4 73-88 15
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.6 g/kg 84 % 5 76-90 14
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.7 g/kg 83 % 6 69-90 14
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6.4 7.3 g/kg 83 % 5 74-90 12
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2.1 g/kg 81 % 0.2 1.7 -2.2 4 0.3 1.9 -2.6 5 8 57-89 14
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.5 g/kg 83 % 3 79-87 15
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3.3 g/kg 71 % 5 64-84 15
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 4.5 5.1 g/kg 76 % 5 69-83 15
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 19.8 22.7 g/kg 88 % 4 81-94 15
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.5 g/kg 76 % 0.2 2.9 -3.5 4 0.3 3.3 -3.9 5 7 65-84 14
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.8 g/kg 81 % 5 71-88 15
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 8.7 10 g/kg 84 % 1.4 8.5 -11.2 4 1.6 9.8 -13.8 5 4 78-90 8
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.5 g/kg 81 % 5 75-89 12
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.9 g/kg 75 % 70-81 3
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.7 g/kg 91 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 2 g/kg 76 % 74-84 3
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.7 g/kg 82 % 76-86 3
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1.1 g/kg 79 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.3 g/kg 82 % 79-85 3
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.5 g/kg 80 % 78-84 3
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6.3 g/kg 81 % 81-85 3
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.5 g/kg 81 % 80-91 3
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.4 g/kg 75 % 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6 6.9 g/kg 79 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2 g/kg 79 % 77-90 3
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.3 g/kg 78 % 77-80 3
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.5 g/kg 75 % 73-78 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.9 g/kg 72 % 72-78 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 19.6 22.4 g/kg 87 % 86-88 2
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.3 g/kg 72 % 71-77 3
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.8 g/kg 80 % 75-82 3
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 8.6 9.8 g/kg 83 %
Origin France, conventional farming, protein crop, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.41 2.76 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 4.92 5.64 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 365 418 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0105 0.012 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 44.6 51.12 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0001 0.0001 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, average, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.42 2.77 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 5.07 5.82 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 365 419 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0105 0.012 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 44.61 51.13 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0001 0.0001 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.3 2.64 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 3.5 4.01 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 364 417 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0091 0.0105 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 40.01 45.86 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0001 0.0002 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, ex storage agency
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.48 2.85 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 3.5 4.01 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 374 428 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0092 0.0106 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 40.26 46.15 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0002 0.0002 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, organic fertilizers, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.06 2.37 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 1.35 1.54 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 372 426 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.011 0.0126 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 48.15 55.2 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0001 0.0001 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, cover cropping, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.42 2.78 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 5.07 5.82 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 359 411 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0103 0.0118 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 43.94 50.37 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0001 0.0001 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML