Milk powder, whole

Dried whole milk.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 96 100 % - 1.8 91.1 -98.1 23 2.7
Crude protein 24.4 25.4 % - 4.2 16.4 -33.6 35 4.3 16.7 -36.6 23
Crude fibre 0 0 % -
Crude fat 24 25.1 % - 1 1
Ash 6.3 6.5 % - 0.9 3.4 -7.7 33 1 3.5 -8.4 20
Insoluble ash 0 0 % -
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 33.5 34.9 % -
Lactose 33.5 34.9 % - 3.7 24.9 -41.3 19 3.8 30.5 -42.4 13
Gross energy (kcal) 5310 5540 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 22.2 23.2 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 10.5 11 g/kg -
Phosphorus 7.4 7.7 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Magnesium 1 1 g/kg -
Potassium 13.3 13.9 g/kg -
Sodium 4.47 4.66 g/kg - 0.51 3.8 -5 5 1
Chlorine 7.3 7.6 g/kg - 1.8 5 -10.9 9
Sulfur 2.4 2.5 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 181 188 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 331 345 mEq/kg -
Manganese 1 1 mg/kg -
Zinc 33 35 mg/kg -
Copper 1 2 mg/kg -
Iron 7 7 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.01 0.01 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.7 0.7 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 19.4 20.2 g/kg 8.5 % FA
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 13.2 13.7 g/kg 5.8 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 6.8 7.1 g/kg 3 % FA 0.3 2.5-3.3 7
C14:0 myristic acid 24.5 25.5 g/kg 10.7 % FA 0.9 9.5-11.6 7
C16:0 palmitic acid 66.4 69.2 g/kg 29.1 % FA 2.1 26.5-31.1 7
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 3.3 3.4 g/kg 1.4 % FA 0.6 0.1-2 7
C18:0 stearic acid 25.6 26.7 g/kg 11.2 % FA 2.3 9-14.2 7
C18:1 oleic acid 59.6 62.1 g/kg 26.1 % FA 1.5 24.5-28.2 7
C18:2 linoleic acid 6.5 6.8 g/kg 2.9 % FA 0.6 1.7-3.3 7
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.4 1.5 g/kg 0.6 % FA 0.1 0.5-0.7 7
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0 7
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.05 0.1-0.2 7
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.06 % FA 0.05 0-0.1 7
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0 0.1-0.1 7
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0.07 0.07 g/kg 0.03 % FA 0.05 0-0.1 7
C22:0 behenic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.07 % FA 0.05 0-0.1 7
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0 7
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0 0.1-0.1 7
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0 7
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.07 0.07 g/kg 0.03 % FA 0.05 0-0.1 7
Fatty acids 22.8 23.8 % 95 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 9.1 9.5 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0.5 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 6.8 7.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3.3 3.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 14.2 14.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 3 3.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 32.5 33.86 µg/kg -
Niacin 6.5 6.8 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 22.7 23.7 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 100 104 mg/kg -
Choline 1174 1223 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.7 1.78 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.79 1.87 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 30 31 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 87 91 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 109 114 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.036 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 4320 4500 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3000 3130 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3160 3290 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 18.1 18.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 12.6 13.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 13.2 13.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 93.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 94.5 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 87 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 84 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.7 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.5 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.74 1.81 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.83 1.91 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 25 26 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 83 86 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 113 118 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.64 1.71 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.71 1.79 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 39 41 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 96 100 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 101 105 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.6 1.67 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.6 1.67 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.65 1.72 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.65 1.72 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 14 15 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 146 152 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 70 73 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 4160 4330 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 17.4 18.1 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 17.4 18.1 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 95 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 96.6 %
N digestibility ruminants - 78.4 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 95 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 90 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 10 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.05 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 90 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 78.4 %
Absorbable P ruminants 6.1 6.4 g/kg 83 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 5.8 6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.5 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1601 1668 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1805 1881 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 66 69 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 139 145 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4.5 4.7 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.5 1.5 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 108 113 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 4.92 5.13 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.93 3.05 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 2.78 2.9 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.86 2.98 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.07 2.15 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 6 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 5 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 11.3 11.8 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 215 224 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 5 5 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 4940 5150 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 4760 4960 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 3740 3900 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 4940 5150 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 4750 4950 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 3750 3900 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 20.7 21.5 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 19.9 20.8 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 15.7 16.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 20.7 21.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 19.9 20.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 15.7 16.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 93 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 93 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 93.9 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 93.9 %
N digestibility growing pig - 95 %
N digestibility adult pig - 95 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 90 % 1
Crude fat digestibility pig - 88 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 6.7 6.9 g/kg 90 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 6.7 6.9 g/kg 90 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3660 3810 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3660 3810 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 15.3 16 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 15.3 16 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 6.3 6.5 g/kg 85 % P
Available P broiler 6.3 6.5 g/kg 85 % P
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 4470 4660 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 4230 4410 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 18.7 19.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 17.7 18.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 84.2 %
N digestibility rabbit - 77.3 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3520 3670 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 14.7 15.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 66.3 %
N digestibility salmonids - 85.5 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 18.9 19.7 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 4.6 12.3 -23.6 6 0.8 6.1-8.2 6
Threonine 10.9 11.4 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 2.4 8 -13.9 6 0.2 3.9-4.5 6
Methionine 5.5 5.7 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 2.1 2.8 -8.3 6 0.5 1.3-2.5 6
Cystine 2 2.1 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 0.8 1.4 -3.6 6 0.5 0.7-1.8 6
Methionine + cystine 7.5 7.8 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1.9 5.6 -10.6 6 0.3 2.6-3.3 6
Tryptophan 3.3 3.4 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.7 2.6 -4.3 6 0.1 1.2-1.5 6
Isoleucine 13.2 13.8 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 3 8.7 -16.3 6
Valine 14.3 14.9 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 3.9 8.5 -18.8 6 0.8 4.3-6.2 6
Leucine 22.2 23.2 g/kg 9.1 g/16g N 5.2 17 -29.7 6 0.7 7.6-9.5 6
Phenylalanine 11.4 11.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 3.2 6.3 -15.3 6 0.6 3.2-4.7 6
Tyrosine 8.9 9.2 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 20.3 21.1 g/kg 8.3 g/16g N
Histidine 6.7 7 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 1.5 3.3 -7.2 6
Arginine 8.6 9 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 3.4 4.9 -13.3 6 1 2.5-5.5 6
Alanine 7.9 8.2 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1.8 5.9 -10.3 6 0.5 2.8-4.1 6
Aspartic acid 17.9 18.6 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 4.3 14.3 -24.1 6 1 7-9.9 6
Glutamic acid 48.4 50.5 g/kg 19.9 g/16g N 11.9 33.1 -64.9 6 1.4 16.9-20.3 6
Glycine 4.7 4.9 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 1.8 3.4 -8.3 6 0.6 1.7-3.4 6
Serine 12.6 13.1 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 3.7 7.8 -18.3 6 0.6 4-5.4 6
Proline 19.2 20 g/kg 7.9 g/16g N 6.3 10.3 -25 5 1 2.3 5.2-9.9 5
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 16.8 17.5 g/kg 89 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 10.2 10.7 g/kg 94 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 5.3 5.5 g/kg 96 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2 g/kg 95 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 7.2 7.5 g/kg 96 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3.2 3.3 g/kg 97 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 11.8 12.3 g/kg 89 % 1
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 13.1 13.7 g/kg 92 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 21.6 22.5 g/kg 97 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 11.2 11.7 g/kg 98 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 8.7 9.1 g/kg 98 % 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 20 20.8 g/kg 98 % 1
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 6.5 6.8 g/kg 97 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 7.6 7.9 g/kg 88 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 7 7.3 g/kg 90 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 16.7 17.4 g/kg 94 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 44 45.9 g/kg 91 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 4.5 g/kg 93 % 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 10.1 10.5 g/kg 80 % 1
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 18.4 19.2 g/kg 96 % 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.7 19.5 g/kg 99 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.1 10.5 g/kg 92 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 5.7 g/kg 100 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 1.8 g/kg 88 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.2 7.5 g/kg 97 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.2 g/kg 94 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.2 12.7 g/kg 92 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.2 13.7 g/kg 92 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 21.3 22.2 g/kg 96 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.1 11.5 g/kg 97 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.5 8.9 g/kg 96 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.6 20.4 g/kg 97 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.4 6.7 g/kg 95 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.2 8.5 g/kg 95 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.5 7.8 g/kg 95 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 16.6 17.3 g/kg 93 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 43.6 45.4 g/kg 90 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.5 4.7 g/kg 96 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.8 11.3 g/kg 86 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 17.9 18.6 g/kg 93 %
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