Rice, polished, broken

Byproduct of the polishing process in the manufacture of polished rice (Oryza sativa L.), consisting of small or broken grains.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.6 100 % - 2.3 78.3 -95.1 124 3.8
Crude protein 8.1 9.2 % - 1.4 6.3 -10.8 121 1.5 5.9 -14 156
Crude fibre 0.6 0.6 % - 0.4 0.1 -1.6 95 0.4 0.1 -1.8 111
Crude fat 1.1 1.3 % - 0.9 0.09 -5 104 1.1 0.1 -5.7 121
Ash 0.8 1 % - 0.6 0.2 -4.1 100 0.7 0.2 -4.6 118
Insoluble ash 0.3 0.4 % - 0.2 0.02 -0.8 16 0.3 0.02 -0.9 17
NDF 5 5.7 % - 3 0.3 -10.3 18 3.4 0.4 -12.4 20
ADF 1.5 1.8 % - 0.8 0.5 -3.2 19 0.9 0.5 -3.7 20
Lignin 0.4 0.4 % - 0.3 0.01 -0.9 14 0.3 0.01 -1 15
Water insoluble cell walls 4.2 4.8 % -
Starch 75.4 86.1 % - 4 61.1 -83.4 77 4 75.9 -92.4 73
Starch, enzymatic method 74.5 85.1 % -
Total sugars 0.4 0.5 % - 0.3 0.09 -0.9 10 0.3 0.1 -1 10
Gross energy (kcal) 3770 4300 kcal/kg - 230 3680 -4400 11 230 4100 -4990 11
Gross energy (MJ) 15.8 18 MJ/kg - 0.9 15.4 -18.4 11 1 17.2 -20.9 11
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.4 0.4 g/kg - 0.4 0.09 -1.7 47 0.4 0.1 -1.9 49
Phosphorus 2.1 2.4 g/kg - 1.1 0.5 -6.9 51 1.2 0.5 -7.9 54
Phytate phosphorus 1.1 1.3 g/kg 55 % P 1 1 1
Magnesium 1 1.1 g/kg - 0.8 0.02 -3 15 0.9 0.02 -3.4 17
Potassium 1.8 2.1 g/kg - 1.4 0.2 -5.9 14 1.6 0.2 -6.7 15
Sodium 0.3 0.35 g/kg - 0.29 0.1 -0.96 6 0.33 0.06 -1.05 7
Chlorine 0.2 0.3 g/kg - 0.1 -0.4 3 0.1 -0.4 3
Sulfur 0.4 0.5 g/kg - 1 0.2 -0.8 2
Dietary cation-anion difference 27 31 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 53 61 mEq/kg -
Manganese 10 11 mg/kg - 6 0.1 -14 3 7 0.1 -19 5
Zinc 13 15 mg/kg - 9 3 -16 2 10 3 -30 5
Copper 11 13 mg/kg - 1 -19 3 2 -25 4
Iron 44 50 mg/kg - 14 -107 3 16 -424 4
Selenium 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.04 0.05 mg/kg - 1 1
Molybdenum 0.8 0.9 mg/kg - 1 1
Iodine 0.05 0.06 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0.04 % FA 0.02-0.06 4
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 0.4 % FA 0.3 0-0.9 8
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.9 2.1 g/kg 18.8 % FA 2.6 14.7-23.9 40
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.1 0-0.3 6
C18:0 stearic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 2.1 % FA 0.5 0.9-3.7 40
C18:1 oleic acid 3.9 4.5 g/kg 39.9 % FA 3.3 28.9-45 40
C18:2 linoleic acid 3.5 4 g/kg 35.8 % FA 3.5 30-41 41
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 1.5 % FA 0.5 1-3.7 40
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.05 0.06 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.3 0-0.9 7
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.06 0.07 g/kg 0.6 % FA 0.5-0.7 2
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0.05 0.05 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.03-0.7 3
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.1-0.4 3
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.3 % FA 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
Fatty acids 1 1.1 % 90 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 2.4 2.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 1 1.1 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 0.4 0.4 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 14.4 16.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 18.7 21.4 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 4.8 5.4 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.2 0.3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.05 0.06 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Choline 976 1114 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.08 1.23 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.11 1.26 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 22 25 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 71 81 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -33 -38 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.201 0.23 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2800 3200 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1900 2170 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1950 2220 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 11.7 13.4 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7.9 9.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.1 9.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 86.8 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 70 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 73 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 66 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.09 1.25 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.12 1.28 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 19 22 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 71 81 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -34 -39 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.05 1.19 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.06 1.22 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 26 30 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 72 82 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -33 -38 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.06 1.22 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.07 1.22 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.08 1.23 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.08 1.24 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 23 27 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 55 63 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 66 75 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2810 3210 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.8 13.4 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.7 13.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88.2 %
N digestibility ruminants - 68.2 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 57 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 71 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 45 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 40 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.11 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 70 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 60.6 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.6 1.8 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.2 0.2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1067 1219 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1187 1356 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 66 76 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -22 -25 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4.4 5 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.8 2 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 78.3 89.4 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.4 3.88 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.77 2.02 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.67 1.91 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.91 2.18 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.31 1.5 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 28 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 31 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.6 8.6 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 141 161 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -10 -11 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3550 4050 kcal/kg - 3540 -3640 4
ME growing pig (kcal) 3460 3950 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2810 3210 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3560 4060 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3470 3960 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2810 3200 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.8 16.9 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.5 16.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 11.8 13.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.9 17 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.5 16.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 11.7 13.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 94.1 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 94.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 97.8 % 97-98 4
OM digestibility adult pig - 98.1 %
N digestibility growing pig - 90.1 %
N digestibility adult pig - 91.1 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 17.2 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.2 0.3 g/kg 12 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 0.4 0.4 g/kg 18 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3320 3790 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3260 3720 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 13.9 15.9 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13.6 15.6 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.5 0.6 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 0.5 0.6 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 95.9 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 92 % 1
Horse Forage Unit 1.19 1.36 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 56 64 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3260 3720 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3180 3630 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.7 15.6 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.3 15.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 86.5 %
N digestibility rabbit - 74.2 % 1
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 1870 2140 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 7.8 8.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 49.6 %
N digestibility salmonids - 78.6 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3 3.5 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.7 2.2 -4.2 12 0.8 2.4 -5 18 0.4 3.3-4.9 19
Threonine 2.9 3.3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.8 2.1 -3.9 8 0.9 2.1 -5 14 0.5 2.9-4.5 15
Methionine 1.9 2.2 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 0.4 1.4 -2.7 8 0.5 1.3 -3.1 15 0.3 1.4-2.8 17
Cystine 1.4 1.6 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 0.4 0.7 -2.2 8 0.5 0.8 -2.4 14 0.5 0.9-2.6 15
Methionine + cystine 3.3 3.8 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 0.7 2.5 -4.5 8 0.8 2.5 -5 14 0.7 2.5-5.3 15
Tryptophan 1.4 1.6 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1.1 0.7 -3 6 1.2 0.5 -3.4 7 1.2 0.9-3.8 8
Isoleucine 3.6 4.1 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1.4 2.9 -6.8 8 1.6 2.2 -7.7 15 1.1 3.1-7 17
Valine 4.7 5.4 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 1.2 3.6 -6.4 8 1.4 3 -8 15 0.7 4.2-7 17
Leucine 6.4 7.3 g/kg 7.9 g/16g N 1.9 4.8 -8 8 2.1 4.4 -12.4 15 1 6.2-9.7 17
Phenylalanine 4.1 4.7 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1.2 3.2 -5.4 8 1.4 2.5 -7.9 15 0.7 3.5-6.2 16
Tyrosine 3.4 3.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.2 1.6 -5.7 7 1.4 1.8 -6.5 14 0.9 2.1-5.9 16
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 7.5 8.6 g/kg 9.3 g/16g N 2.3 5.2 -11.1 7 2.6 5.1 -13.3 14 1.2 6.8-11.5 15
Histidine 1.8 2.1 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.6 1.3 -2.4 8 0.6 0.7 -3.4 15 0.4 1-2.7 16
Arginine 6.4 7.3 g/kg 7.9 g/16g N 2.1 4.2 -8.8 8 2.4 3.5 -12.1 15 1.4 4.9-10.7 16
Alanine 4.5 5.1 g/kg 5.6 g/16g N 1.3 3.5 -5.9 7 1.5 3.2 -8.1 14 0.6 4.5-6.5 14
Aspartic acid 7.4 8.4 g/kg 9.1 g/16g N 2.3 5.1 -10.2 7 2.6 5.1 -13.8 14 1.3 7.5-11 15
Glutamic acid 14.5 16.5 g/kg 18 g/16g N 4.8 9.8 -17 7 5.4 9.8 -27.8 14 3.3 13.8-24 15
Glycine 3.6 4.1 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1.1 2.6 -4.8 7 1.3 1.8 -6.5 14 0.8 2.5-5.7 15
Serine 3.9 4.5 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1.3 2.5 -5.1 7 1.4 2.3 -7.1 14 0.8 3.2-5.8 15
Proline 3.7 4.2 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1.1 2.9 -5.2 6 1.3 2.4 -6.8 13 0.5 4.1-5.6 13
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3.3 g/kg 94 % 1 94-95 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 3.1 g/kg 94 % 1 2.7 -4.1 2 92-95 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2.1 g/kg 94 % 1 1.7 -2.1 2 93-95 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.5 g/kg 94 % 1 1.3 -1.6 2 93-94 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.6 g/kg 94 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.5 g/kg 95 % 1 1 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.9 g/kg 94 % 1 93-95 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 4.4 5.1 g/kg 95 % 1 94-95 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.9 g/kg 95 % 1 94-95 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.4 g/kg 94 % 1 93-95 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3.2 g/kg 82 % 1 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6.7 7.6 g/kg 88 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 2 g/kg 94 % 1 93-95 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 6.2 7.1 g/kg 97 % 1 5.8 -9.2 2 96-99 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 4.9 g/kg 94 % 1 94-95 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 7 8 g/kg 95 % 1 6.8 -9.3 2 95-95 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 13.8 15.7 g/kg 95 % 1 94-96 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 4 g/kg 97 % 1 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.7 4.3 g/kg 95 % 1 94-97 2
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.7 g/kg 88 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.4 g/kg 97 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3 g/kg 91 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.8 g/kg 82 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.4 g/kg 84 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.2 g/kg 83 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.3 g/kg 84 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.9 g/kg 93 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.9 g/kg 92 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.7 6.5 g/kg 90 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.2 g/kg 89 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.3 g/kg 86 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.6 7.5 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 1.9 g/kg 93 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 6 6.9 g/kg 94 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.5 g/kg 87 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 6.5 7.4 g/kg 88 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 12.3 14.1 g/kg 85 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.6 g/kg 87 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.8 g/kg 85 % 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.6 g/kg 84 %
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