Bakery byproduct

Byproduct of bread manufacture, consisting of bread and other bakery products unfit for human consumption.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.7 100 % - 3.8 69.1 -97.6 369 5.9
Crude protein 11.3 12.5 % - 1.9 3.6 -18.3 380 2 1.4 -25.8 368
Crude fibre 0.8 0.8 % - 0.5 0 -2.7 175 0.6 0 -2.8 171
Crude fat 5.3 5.8 % - 3.4 0.2 -16 132 3.7 0.2 -17 122
Ash 2.6 2.8 % - 0.9 0.9 -14.7 350 1 1 -15.9 343
Insoluble ash 0.2 0.2 % -
NDF 6.4 7.1 % - 4.8 3.4 -17.5 6 5.3 4.5 -18.9 9
ADF 1.2 1.4 % - 1.7 1.1 -5.7 6
Lignin 0.5 0.5 % - 0.8 0 -1.2 4 0.8 0 -2.2 7
Water insoluble cell walls 5.9 6.5 % - 1 1
Starch 51.3 56.6 % - 8.6 32 -71.8 315 9.1 40.5 -88.7 300
Starch, enzymatic method 49.3 54.3 % -
Total sugars 13.2 14.5 % - 5.2 0.6 -28 218 5.7 1.2 -30.9 211
Gross energy (kcal) 4160 4590 kcal/kg - 200 4060 -4280 5 120 4420 -4730 5
Gross energy (MJ) 17.4 19.2 MJ/kg - 0.8 17 -17.9 5 0.5 18.5 -19.8 5
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.9 1 g/kg - 0.9 0.3 -5 45 1 0.3 -5.4 42
Phosphorus 5.7 6.2 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 2.4 2.7 g/kg 43 % P 40-46 2
Magnesium 0.3 0.4 g/kg - 0.3 -0.4 2
Potassium 7.5 8.3 g/kg -
Sodium 8.93 9.84 g/kg - 9.31 0.51 -56.3 116 10.26 0.54 -61.06 112
Chlorine 9.3 10.2 g/kg - 2.7 1.6 -18.4 83 2.9 1.7 -19.5 82
Sulfur 1.7 1.9 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 213 235 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 319 352 mEq/kg -
Manganese 9 10 mg/kg - 8 -10 3
Zinc 15 16 mg/kg - 11 -18 3
Copper 4 4 mg/kg - 3 -4 3
Iron 53 59 mg/kg - 38 -68 3
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 3 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 0.08 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.06 0.06 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0-0.3 4
C16:0 palmitic acid 7.5 8.3 g/kg 17.8 % FA 0.9 15.5-18.3 9
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.07 0.7-0.9 8
C18:1 oleic acid 6.4 7.1 g/kg 15.2 % FA 2.7 11.3-20.4 11
C18:2 linoleic acid 23.9 26.3 g/kg 56.4 % FA 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 2.5 2.8 g/kg 5.9 % FA 1 5.4-8.5 9
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0-1.9 3
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.6 0.6 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.5 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 4.2 4.7 % 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 25.4 28 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 16.7 18.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2.1 2.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 8.6 9.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 106 116 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 19 20.9 mg/kg -
Folic acid 1.2 1.3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.3 mg/kg -
Choline 1209 1333 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 2 mL/g
Phytase activity 340 370 IU/kg - 1 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.14 1.25 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.15 1.27 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 25 28 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 79 87 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -13 -14 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.262 0.289 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2980 3280 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2000 2200 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2030 2230 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 13.2 14.6 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9 10 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.3 10.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 85.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 83.6 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 74 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 62 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.15 1.27 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.18 1.3 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 22 24 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 77 85 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -11 -13 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.09 1.21 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.1 1.21 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 31 34 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 83 92 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -17 -19 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.2 1.32 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.11 1.23 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.11 1.23 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.22 1.34 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 26 29 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 74 81 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 87 96 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2960 3270 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12.4 13.7 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.1 14.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 87.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85 %
N digestibility ruminants - 69 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 87 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 76 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 64 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 44 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 38 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.065 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 74.7 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.3 4.7 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1111 1225 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1220 1345 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 81 89 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -16 -18 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 5.1 5.7 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.8 2 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 82.2 90.6 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.6 3.96 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.91 2.1 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.8 1.99 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.03 2.24 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.4 1.55 Mcal/kg -
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.9 8.7 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 156 171 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -7 -7 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3900 4300 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 3790 4180 kcal/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (kcal) 2900 3200 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3930 4330 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3800 4190 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2930 3230 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.3 18 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 15.9 17.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (MJ) 12.1 13.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16.4 18.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 15.9 17.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 12.3 13.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 93.8 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 94.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 95.9 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 96.5 %
N digestibility growing pig - 87.7 %
N digestibility adult pig - 89.1 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 95.8 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 67.6 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.4 1.6 g/kg 25 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.8 3.1 g/kg 50 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3270 3610 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3170 3490 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 13.7 15.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13.3 14.6 MJ/kg - 1 1
Available P cockerel 1.4 1.6 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 1.4 1.6 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 88.8 %
Energy digestibility horse - 85.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.11 1.23 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 88 97 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3440 3790 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 3330 3670 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 14.4 15.9 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.9 15.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 82.7 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 71.4 % 1
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 1850 2040 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 7.8 8.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 44.6 %
N digestibility salmonids - 89.3 %
Digestible P salmonids 2.7 3 g/kg 48 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3.9 4.2 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 0.8 1.2 -5.7 17 0.8 2.3 -4.9 12 0.6 1.3-3.5 17
Threonine 3.2 3.6 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 0.6 1.9 -5.9 12 0.6 2.8 -4.9 8 0.2 2.6-3.2 12
Methionine 1.6 1.8 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.4 0.9 -2.7 13 0.4 1.4 -2.7 9 0.2 1.2-2 13
Cystine 2.3 2.5 g/kg 2 g/16g N 0.5 1.3 -3.6 13 0.6 1.8 -3.8 9 0.3 1.7-2.8 13
Methionine + cystine 3.9 4.3 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 0.8 2.2 -6.2 12 0.9 3.2 -6.3 8 0.4 3-4.5 12
Tryptophan 1.2 1.4 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 0.4 0.7 -2.7 9 0.4 0.9 -1.8 5 0.2 0.9-1.5 9
Isoleucine 3.5 3.9 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1.1 2.2 -5.6 8 3.5 -5.6 4 0.2 3.1-3.9 8
Valine 5.1 5.6 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1.7 2.7 -8.2 8 4.6 -6.9 4 0.3 3.9-5.1 8
Leucine 7.4 8.1 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 2.4 4.4 -11.3 8 7.3 -11.7 4 1.1 6.2-9.7 8
Phenylalanine 4.8 5.3 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.4 2.8 -7 8 4.2 -6.8 4 0.3 3.8-4.9 8
Tyrosine 3.6 3.9 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 0.9 1.6 -4.7 8 2.6 -4.1 4 0.3 2.3-3.2 8
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 8.4 9.2 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N 2.4 4.4 -11.7 7 6.8 -10.7 3 0.6 6.4-7.8 7
Histidine 3.1 3.4 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 1.2 -4.3 8 2.3 -3.5 4
Arginine 5.3 5.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 2.4 2.4 -10.6 8 4.6 -6.7 4 0.8 3.5-5.8 8
Alanine 4.3 4.8 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 2 2.1 -8.5 8 4.5 -6.8 4 0.8 3-5.8 8
Aspartic acid 5.9 6.5 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 2.6 3.1 -11.8 8 6 -8.5 4 0.7 4.5-6.6 8
Glutamic acid 22.8 25.1 g/kg 20.2 g/16g N 6.9 17.5 -34.2 8 20.1 -36 4 3.1 17.8-26.5 8
Glycine 5.4 5.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 2 2.3 -8.8 8 4.2 -6.2 4 0.5 3.3-4.8 8
Serine 4.9 5.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.6 2.9 -7.7 8 3.5 -6.3 4 0.3 3.8-4.5 8
Proline 7.5 8.3 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 2.2 6.2 -11.8 8 7.1 -13.2 4 0.9 6.1-9 8
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.4 2.6 g/kg 61 % 1 1 48-74 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 72 % 1 1 62-82 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.5 g/kg 82 % 1 1 77-88 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 1.9 g/kg 77 % 1 1 69-84 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.4 g/kg 79 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.1 g/kg 83 % 1 1 83-83 2
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3.1 g/kg 79 % 1 1 71-87 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.3 g/kg 78 % 1 1 70-86 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 6.2 6.9 g/kg 84 % 1 1 78-90 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.5 g/kg 84 % 1 1 78-90 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3 g/kg 77 % 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7.5 g/kg 81 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2.4 2.7 g/kg 80 % 1 1 73-87 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 4.9 5.4 g/kg 91 % 1 1 91-92 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.8 g/kg 79 % 1 1 73-84 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 4.1 4.6 g/kg 70 % 1 1 62-79 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 19.9 21.9 g/kg 87 % 1 1 82-93 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.2 g/kg 88 % 1 1 87-89 2
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.4 g/kg 81 % 1 1 76-86 2
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 7.5 8.3 g/kg 100 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 3 g/kg 70 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.6 g/kg 72 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.3 1.5 g/kg 81 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 1.9 g/kg 77 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.4 g/kg 79 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1 g/kg 75 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.1 g/kg 79 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.2 g/kg 76 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 6 6.6 g/kg 81 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.1 g/kg 78 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.5 7.2 g/kg 78 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.5 g/kg 74 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.7 g/kg 79 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.6 g/kg 75 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.7 g/kg 72 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 20 22.1 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.2 g/kg 71 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.2 g/kg 78 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 6.1 6.7 g/kg 81 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 1.72 1.89 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0 0 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 104 115 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0002 0.0002 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 0.58 0.64 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0 0 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML