NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001

Net Energy for maintenance for ruminants, calculated at 3 x maintenance, according to NRC 2001.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 2.12 2.3 Mcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 1.01 1.11 Mcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 1.03 1.13 Mcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 1.08 1.19 Mcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 1.14 1.26 Mcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 1.01 1.11 Mcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 1.14 1.26 Mcal/kg -
Ammonium ferric citrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Apple pomace, dried 0.88 0.97 Mcal/kg -
Bakery byproduct 2.03 2.24 Mcal/kg -
Bananas, immature, dried 1.71 1.9 Mcal/kg -
Barley 1.74 1.99 Mcal/kg -
Barley distillers grains, dried 1.67 1.83 Mcal/kg -
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 0.38 1.53 Mcal/kg -
Barley rootlets, dried 1.55 1.72 Mcal/kg -
Beet pulp, dried 1.37 1.54 Mcal/kg -
Beet pulp, pressed 0.38 1.58 Mcal/kg -
Biscuit byproduct 2.12 2.32 Mcal/kg -
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried 2.38 2.6 Mcal/kg -
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried 2.75 2.99 Mcal/kg -
Blood meal 2.78 2.98 Mcal/kg -
Brewers grains, dried 1.41 1.55 Mcal/kg -
Brewers yeast, dried 2.23 2.4 Mcal/kg -
Buckwheat hulls 0.2 0.23 Mcal/kg -
Ca Al Fe phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium carbonate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium chloride anhydrous 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium chloride dihydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium iodate anhydrous 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium iodate hexahydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium iodide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium magnesium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium selenite 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium sulfate anhydrous 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium sulfate dihydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 2 2.19 Mcal/kg -
Canola meal, oil < 5% 1.71 1.9 Mcal/kg -
Carob pod meal 1.06 1.24 Mcal/kg -
Cassava pulp, dried 1.39 1.56 Mcal/kg -
Cassava, starch 66-70% 1.68 1.91 Mcal/kg -
Cassava, starch 70-74% 1.73 1.97 Mcal/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 1.54 1.73 Mcal/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 1.3 1.45 Mcal/kg -
Chickpea, kabuli type 2.03 2.33 Mcal/kg -
Chicory pulp, dehydrated 1.03 1.16 Mcal/kg -
Citrus pulp, dried 1.57 1.74 Mcal/kg -
Citrus pulp, fresh 0.33 1.87 Mcal/kg -
Cobalt carbonate FG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Cobalt glucoheptonate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Cobalt oxide FG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Cobalt selenite 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Cobalt sulfate heptahydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Cocoa hulls 1.07 1.21 Mcal/kg -
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 1.09 1.23 Mcal/kg -
Cod liver oil 3.78 3.78 Mcal/kg -
Common bean 1.96 2.2 Mcal/kg -
Common vetch 1.84 2.1 Mcal/kg -
Copper acetate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper carbonate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper chloride dihydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper chloride tribasic 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper citrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper lysine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper methionine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper oxide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper proteinate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper sulfate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 1.69 1.85 Mcal/kg -
Copra meal, oil < 5% 1.5 1.66 Mcal/kg -
Copra oil 4.95 4.96 Mcal/kg -
Corn gluten feed 1.66 1.89 Mcal/kg -
Corn gluten meal 2.57 2.82 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed hulls 0.55 0.6 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 1.79 1.93 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 2.1 2.28 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 1.63 1.81 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 1.84 2.03 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed, whole 1.84 2 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 1.93 2.1 Mcal/kg -
Cowpea seed 1.95 2.18 Mcal/kg -
Diammonium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Dicalcium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Diiodosalicylic acid 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Disodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Disodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
DL-methionine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Dolomite limestone 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 1.9 2.19 Mcal/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 1.9 2.19 Mcal/kg -
Faba bean, white flowers 1.89 2.2 Mcal/kg -
Feather meal 2.61 2.83 Mcal/kg -
Ferric chloride 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferric citrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferric phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferric polyphosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferric pyrophosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferric sodium pyrophosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferrous carbonate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferrous chloride 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Fish meal, protein 62% 2.27 2.46 Mcal/kg -
Fish meal, protein 65% 2.32 2.51 Mcal/kg -
Fish meal, protein 70% 2.43 2.63 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, anchovy 3.78 3.78 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, capelin 3.78 3.78 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, herring 3.78 3.78 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, menhaden 3.78 3.78 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, rockfish 3.78 3.78 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, salmon 3.78 3.78 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, sardine 3.78 3.78 Mcal/kg -
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted 2.84 2.94 Mcal/kg -
Fish solubles, condensed, fat 2.95 3.09 Mcal/kg -
Fodder beet, raw 0.28 1.74 Mcal/kg -
Grape pomace, dried 0.55 0.61 Mcal/kg -
Grape pulp, dried 0.76 0.85 Mcal/kg -
Grape seeds 0.6 0.66 Mcal/kg -
Grapeseed oil meal 0.04 0.04 Mcal/kg -
Grass, dehydrated 1.29 1.44 Mcal/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 2.19 2.38 Mcal/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 2.01 2.26 Mcal/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 1.86 2.08 Mcal/kg -
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified 2.35 2.54 Mcal/kg -
L-lysine HCl 0 0 Mcal/kg -
L-threonine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
L-tryptophan 0 0 Mcal/kg -
L-valine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Lard 3.76 3.76 Mcal/kg -
Lentils 1.91 2.16 Mcal/kg -
Limestone 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 1.81 2.06 Mcal/kg -
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 2.07 2.27 Mcal/kg -
Linseed, whole 2.78 3.02 Mcal/kg -
Linseed, whole, extruded 2.78 3.02 Mcal/kg -
Liquid potato feed 0.33 1.91 Mcal/kg -
Lupin, blue 2.07 2.3 Mcal/kg -
Lupin, white 2.17 2.46 Mcal/kg -
Lupin, white, extruded 2.17 2.46 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium acetate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium carbonate RG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium citrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium hydroxide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium lactate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium oxide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium oxide, granular 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium oxide, powder 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium sulfate monohydrate RG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Maize 1.87 2.17 Mcal/kg -
Maize bran 1.69 1.85 Mcal/kg -
Maize bran, starch production 1.6 1.83 Mcal/kg -
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 1.66 1.88 Mcal/kg -
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 1.94 2.17 Mcal/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 2.16 2.37 Mcal/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 1.85 2.06 Mcal/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 1.63 1.83 Mcal/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 1.93 2.2 Mcal/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 1.94 2.22 Mcal/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 2.09 2.15 Mcal/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 1.73 1.97 Mcal/kg -
Maize germs 2.78 2.92 Mcal/kg -
Maize starch 1.9 2.15 Mcal/kg -
Maize, extruded 1.94 2.25 Mcal/kg -
Maize, flaked 1.94 2.25 Mcal/kg -
Maize, high moisture 1.45 2.16 Mcal/kg -
Manganese carbonate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese chloride dihydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese chloride tetrahydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese methionine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO-Mn2O3 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO2 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese proteinate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese sulfate monohydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Mealworm larvae, dried 3.16 3.34 Mcal/kg -
Methionine Hydroxy Analog MHA 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Milk powder, skimmed 2.19 2.31 Mcal/kg -
Milk powder, whole 2.86 2.98 Mcal/kg -
Millet, pearl 1.9 2.12 Mcal/kg -
Millet, proso 1.85 2.04 Mcal/kg -
Molasses, beet 1.52 2.01 Mcal/kg -
Molasses, sugarcane 1.39 1.93 Mcal/kg -
Molybdenum metal 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Molybdenum trioxide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monoammonium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monocalcium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monodicalcium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous FG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monosodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monosodium phosphate hydrate FG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Mustard bran 1.14 1.28 Mcal/kg -
Oat groats 1.8 2.1 Mcal/kg -
Oat hulls 1.06 1.17 Mcal/kg -
Oats 1.67 1.91 Mcal/kg -
Oats, flaked 1.67 1.91 Mcal/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 0.37 0.42 Mcal/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 0.61 0.7 Mcal/kg -
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 0.73 0.82 Mcal/kg -
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 1.3 1.66 Mcal/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 1.07 1.17 Mcal/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 0.91 1.01 Mcal/kg -
Palm oil 4.94 4.95 Mcal/kg -
Pea 1.9 2.18 Mcal/kg -
Pea protein concentrate 2.81 3.01 Mcal/kg -
Pea, extruded 1.9 2.18 Mcal/kg -
Pentacalcium orthoperiodate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Phosphate, defluorinated 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Potassium iodide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Potato protein concentrate 2.65 2.88 Mcal/kg -
Potato pulp, dried 1.41 1.62 Mcal/kg -
Potato tuber, dried 1.78 2 Mcal/kg -
Poultry fat 5.78 5.78 Mcal/kg -
Processed animal proteins, pig 2.04 2.14 Mcal/kg -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 45-60% 2.65 2.89 Mcal/kg -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 60-70% 2.68 2.87 Mcal/kg -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein > 70% 2.78 2.97 Mcal/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 1.87 2.03 Mcal/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 1.53 1.71 Mcal/kg -
Rapeseed oil 4.93 4.94 Mcal/kg -
Rapeseed, whole 3.04 3.29 Mcal/kg -
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 3.04 3.29 Mcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 1.23 1.39 Mcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 1.42 1.58 Mcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 0.63 0.69 Mcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 1.51 1.68 Mcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 1.91 2.14 Mcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 0.9 0.98 Mcal/kg -
Rice hulls 0.32 0.35 Mcal/kg -
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 1.76 2 Mcal/kg -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 1.85 2.06 Mcal/kg -
Rice, brown 1.91 2.17 Mcal/kg -
Rice, paddy 1.48 1.68 Mcal/kg -
Rice, polished, broken 1.91 2.18 Mcal/kg -
Rye 1.77 2.04 Mcal/kg -
Seashells, ground 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Selenium methionine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Selenium yeast 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 2.18 2.34 Mcal/kg -
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 1.36 1.47 Mcal/kg -
Shrimp meal 1.75 1.91 Mcal/kg -
Sodium bicarbonate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium chloride 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium iodide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium molybdate dihydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium selenate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium selenite 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium sulfate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium-calcium-magnesium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sorghum 1.87 2.13 Mcal/kg -
Soybean hulls 1.38 1.56 Mcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 2.34 2.51 Mcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 2.03 2.32 Mcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 2.07 2.35 Mcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 2.07 2.35 Mcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 2.07 2.35 Mcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 2.11 2.4 Mcal/kg -
Soybean molasses 0.97 1.68 Mcal/kg -
Soybean oil 4.94 4.95 Mcal/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 2.26 2.44 Mcal/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 2.38 2.55 Mcal/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 2.6 2.8 Mcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, extruded 2.59 2.89 Mcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, flaked 2.59 2.89 Mcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted 2.61 2.95 Mcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 2.69 2.96 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower hulls 0.45 0.49 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 1.78 1.9 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 1.62 1.76 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 1.6 1.77 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 1.27 1.43 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower oil 4.9 4.94 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower seed, whole 2.95 3.18 Mcal/kg -
Sweet potato, dried 1.77 2 Mcal/kg -
Tallow 3.78 3.78 Mcal/kg -
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 0.95 1.02 Mcal/kg -
Tricalcium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Triticale 1.78 2.05 Mcal/kg -
Urea 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Vinasse, different origins 1.73 2.56 Mcal/kg -
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 1.87 2.67 Mcal/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 1.41 2.27 Mcal/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 1.69 2.48 Mcal/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 1.8 2.55 Mcal/kg -
Wheat bran 1.48 1.7 Mcal/kg -
Wheat bran from starch production 1.5 1.71 Mcal/kg -
Wheat bran, durum 1.5 1.73 Mcal/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 1.78 1.95 Mcal/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 1.85 2.01 Mcal/kg -
Wheat feed flour 1.95 2.22 Mcal/kg -
Wheat feed flour, durum 1.93 2.22 Mcal/kg -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 1.95 2.25 Mcal/kg -
Wheat gluten 2.83 3.01 Mcal/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 1.64 1.81 Mcal/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 1.64 1.85 Mcal/kg -
Wheat middlings (average) 1.64 1.87 Mcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, durum 1.64 1.88 Mcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 1.66 1.88 Mcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 1.71 1.94 Mcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 1.64 1.86 Mcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 1.71 1.95 Mcal/kg -
Wheat straw 0.84 0.93 Mcal/kg -
Wheat, durum 1.84 2.1 Mcal/kg -
Wheat, soft 1.8 2.08 Mcal/kg -
Whey permeate 1.95 2 Mcal/kg -
Whey powder, acid 1.9 1.95 Mcal/kg -
Whey powder, sweet 1.97 2.03 Mcal/kg -
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 2.27 2.37 Mcal/kg -
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 2.55 2.66 Mcal/kg -
Zinc carbonate FG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc carbonate RG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc chloride 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc lysine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc metal 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc methionine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc oxide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 Mcal/kg -