NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal)

Net energy for lactation (NEL), ruminants, according to the INRA 2018 system, expressed in kcal/kg. Calculated for a feeding level = 2 (DM intake in % liveweight).

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 2390 2600 kcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 1170 1290 kcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 1190 1320 kcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 1270 1400 kcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 1340 1480 kcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 1170 1280 kcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 1310 1440 kcal/kg -
Ammonium ferric citrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Apple pomace, dried 1200 1320 kcal/kg -
Bakery byproduct 2000 2200 kcal/kg -
Bananas, immature, dried 1690 1870 kcal/kg -
Barley 1710 1950 kcal/kg -
Barley distillers grains, dried 1700 1860 kcal/kg -
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 390 1580 kcal/kg -
Barley rootlets, dried 1410 1570 kcal/kg -
Beet pulp, dried 1620 1830 kcal/kg -
Beet pulp, pressed 440 1810 kcal/kg -
Biscuit byproduct 2200 2410 kcal/kg -
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried 2080 2270 kcal/kg -
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried 2770 3010 kcal/kg -
Blood meal 2160 2310 kcal/kg -
Brewers grains, dried 1600 1760 kcal/kg -
Brewers yeast, dried 1920 2070 kcal/kg -
Buckwheat hulls 820 930 kcal/kg -
Ca Al Fe phosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Calcium carbonate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Calcium chloride anhydrous 0 0 kcal/kg -
Calcium chloride dihydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Calcium iodate anhydrous 0 0 kcal/kg -
Calcium iodate hexahydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Calcium iodide 0 0 kcal/kg -
Calcium magnesium phosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Calcium selenite 0 0 kcal/kg -
Calcium sulfate anhydrous 0 0 kcal/kg -
Calcium sulfate dihydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 1990 2190 kcal/kg -
Canola meal, oil < 5% 1660 1840 kcal/kg -
Carob pod meal 980 1150 kcal/kg -
Cassava pulp, dried 970 1090 kcal/kg -
Cassava, starch 66-70% 1660 1890 kcal/kg -
Cassava, starch 70-74% 1720 1970 kcal/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 1290 1450 kcal/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 1090 1210 kcal/kg -
Chickpea, kabuli type 2000 2290 kcal/kg -
Chicory pulp, dehydrated 1620 1830 kcal/kg -
Citrus pulp, dried 1760 1950 kcal/kg -
Citrus pulp, fresh 370 2100 kcal/kg -
Cobalt carbonate FG 0 0 kcal/kg -
Cobalt glucoheptonate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Cobalt oxide FG 0 0 kcal/kg -
Cobalt selenite 0 0 kcal/kg -
Cobalt sulfate heptahydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Cocoa hulls 580 650 kcal/kg -
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 690 790 kcal/kg -
Cod liver oil 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Common bean 1820 2040 kcal/kg -
Common vetch 1830 2100 kcal/kg -
Copper acetate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Copper carbonate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Copper chloride dihydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Copper chloride tribasic 0 0 kcal/kg -
Copper citrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Copper lysine 0 0 kcal/kg -
Copper methionine 0 0 kcal/kg -
Copper oxide 0 0 kcal/kg -
Copper proteinate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Copper sulfate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 1780 1950 kcal/kg -
Copra meal, oil < 5% 1600 1770 kcal/kg -
Copra oil 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Corn gluten feed 1720 1960 kcal/kg -
Corn gluten meal 2780 3050 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed hulls 790 870 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 1690 1820 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 1970 2130 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 1560 1730 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 1730 1910 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed, whole 1690 1830 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 1690 1830 kcal/kg -
Cowpea seed 1840 2050 kcal/kg -
Diammonium phosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Dicalcium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 kcal/kg -
Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Diiodosalicylic acid 0 0 kcal/kg -
Disodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 kcal/kg -
Disodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
DL-methionine 0 0 kcal/kg -
Dolomite limestone 0 0 kcal/kg -
Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide 0 0 kcal/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 1850 2130 kcal/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 1850 2130 kcal/kg -
Faba bean, white flowers 1820 2120 kcal/kg -
Feather meal 1930 2100 kcal/kg -
Ferric chloride 0 0 kcal/kg -
Ferric citrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Ferric phosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Ferric polyphosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Ferric pyrophosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Ferric sodium pyrophosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Ferrous carbonate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Ferrous chloride 0 0 kcal/kg -
Ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Fish meal, protein 62% 2210 2400 kcal/kg -
Fish meal, protein 65% 2250 2440 kcal/kg -
Fish meal, protein 70% 2350 2550 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, anchovy 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, capelin 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, herring 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, menhaden 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, rockfish 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, salmon 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, sardine 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted 2790 2900 kcal/kg -
Fish solubles, condensed, fat 3150 3300 kcal/kg -
Fodder beet, raw 300 1830 kcal/kg -
Grape pomace, dried 630 690 kcal/kg -
Grape pulp, dried 740 820 kcal/kg -
Grape pulp, dried 660 730 kcal/kg -
Grape seeds 460 500 kcal/kg -
Grapeseed oil meal 250 280 kcal/kg -
Grass, dehydrated 1460 1620 kcal/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 2020 2200 kcal/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 1740 1950 kcal/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 1550 1730 kcal/kg -
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified 1930 2090 kcal/kg -
L-lysine HCl 0 0 kcal/kg -
L-threonine 0 0 kcal/kg -
L-tryptophan 0 0 kcal/kg -
L-valine 0 0 kcal/kg -
Lard 6350 6350 kcal/kg -
Lentils 1840 2080 kcal/kg -
Limestone 0 0 kcal/kg -
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 1580 1790 kcal/kg -
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 1830 2010 kcal/kg -
Linseed, whole 2760 3000 kcal/kg -
Linseed, whole, extruded 2760 3000 kcal/kg -
Liquid potato feed 290 1680 kcal/kg -
Lupin, blue 2070 2300 kcal/kg -
Lupin, white 2220 2520 kcal/kg -
Lupin, white, extruded 2220 2520 kcal/kg -
Magnesium acetate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Magnesium carbonate RG 0 0 kcal/kg -
Magnesium citrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Magnesium hydroxide 0 0 kcal/kg -
Magnesium lactate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Magnesium oxide 0 0 kcal/kg -
Magnesium oxide, granular 0 0 kcal/kg -
Magnesium oxide, powder 0 0 kcal/kg -
Magnesium phosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 kcal/kg -
Magnesium sulfate monohydrate RG 0 0 kcal/kg -
Maize 1960 2270 kcal/kg -
Maize bran 1870 2050 kcal/kg -
Maize bran, starch production 1640 1880 kcal/kg -
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 1820 2060 kcal/kg -
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 2200 2450 kcal/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 2470 2710 kcal/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 2000 2230 kcal/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 1730 1950 kcal/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 2040 2330 kcal/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 2040 2330 kcal/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 2210 2280 kcal/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 1760 2000 kcal/kg -
Maize germs 3500 3670 kcal/kg -
Maize starch 2120 2400 kcal/kg -
Maize, extruded 1960 2270 kcal/kg -
Maize, flaked 1960 2270 kcal/kg -
Maize, high moisture 1510 2260 kcal/kg -
Manganese carbonate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Manganese chloride dihydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Manganese chloride tetrahydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Manganese methionine 0 0 kcal/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO 0 0 kcal/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO-Mn2O3 0 0 kcal/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO2 0 0 kcal/kg -
Manganese proteinate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Manganese sulfate monohydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Mealworm larvae, dried 3190 3370 kcal/kg -
Methionine Hydroxy Analog MHA 0 0 kcal/kg -
Milk powder, skimmed 2110 2230 kcal/kg -
Milk powder, whole 3000 3130 kcal/kg -
Millet, pearl 2070 2310 kcal/kg -
Millet, proso 2110 2330 kcal/kg -
Molasses, beet 1260 1680 kcal/kg -
Molasses, sugarcane 1000 1390 kcal/kg -
Molybdenum metal 0 0 kcal/kg -
Molybdenum trioxide 0 0 kcal/kg -
Monoammonium phosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Monocalcium phosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Monodicalcium phosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 kcal/kg -
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous FG 0 0 kcal/kg -
Monosodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Monosodium phosphate hydrate FG 0 0 kcal/kg -
Mustard bran 1420 1590 kcal/kg -
Oat groats 1750 2040 kcal/kg -
Oat hulls 850 940 kcal/kg -
Oats 1540 1750 kcal/kg -
Oats, flaked 1540 1750 kcal/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 360 400 kcal/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 470 530 kcal/kg -
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 630 710 kcal/kg -
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 960 1220 kcal/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 1480 1620 kcal/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 1360 1500 kcal/kg -
Palm oil 6350 6360 kcal/kg -
Pea 1850 2120 kcal/kg -
Pea protein concentrate 2480 2660 kcal/kg -
Pea, extruded 1850 2120 kcal/kg -
Pentacalcium orthoperiodate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Phosphate, defluorinated 0 0 kcal/kg -
Potassium iodide 0 0 kcal/kg -
Potato protein concentrate 2490 2710 kcal/kg -
Potato pulp, dried 1360 1570 kcal/kg -
Potato tuber, dried 1700 1910 kcal/kg -
Poultry fat 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Processed animal proteins, pig 1700 1790 kcal/kg -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 45-60% 2630 2870 kcal/kg -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 60-70% 2590 2770 kcal/kg -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein > 70% 2510 2690 kcal/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 1940 2110 kcal/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 1540 1730 kcal/kg -
Rapeseed oil 6350 6360 kcal/kg -
Rapeseed, whole 3310 3580 kcal/kg -
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 3310 3580 kcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 970 1100 kcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 1170 1300 kcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 680 740 kcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 1290 1430 kcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 1690 1880 kcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 830 900 kcal/kg -
Rice hulls 460 510 kcal/kg -
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 1670 1900 kcal/kg -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 1800 2010 kcal/kg -
Rice, brown 1870 2120 kcal/kg -
Rice, paddy 1340 1520 kcal/kg -
Rice, polished, broken 1900 2170 kcal/kg -
Rye 1820 2100 kcal/kg -
Seashells, ground 0 0 kcal/kg -
Selenium methionine 0 0 kcal/kg -
Selenium yeast 0 0 kcal/kg -
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 2170 2330 kcal/kg -
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 1710 1840 kcal/kg -
Shrimp meal 1660 1810 kcal/kg -
Sodium bicarbonate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Sodium chloride 0 0 kcal/kg -
Sodium iodide 0 0 kcal/kg -
Sodium molybdate dihydrate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Sodium selenate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Sodium selenite 0 0 kcal/kg -
Sodium sulfate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Sodium-calcium-magnesium phosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Sorghum 1870 2130 kcal/kg -
Soybean hulls 1650 1860 kcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 2230 2400 kcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 1940 2210 kcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 1960 2230 kcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 1960 2230 kcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 1960 2230 kcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 1980 2250 kcal/kg -
Soybean molasses 720 1250 kcal/kg -
Soybean oil 6350 6360 kcal/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 2100 2270 kcal/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 2170 2330 kcal/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 2330 2510 kcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, extruded 2360 2640 kcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, flaked 2360 2640 kcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted 2370 2680 kcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 2440 2690 kcal/kg -
Sunflower hulls 470 520 kcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 1610 1720 kcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 1480 1600 kcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 1370 1510 kcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 1080 1220 kcal/kg -
Sunflower oil 6310 6360 kcal/kg -
Sunflower seed, whole 2760 2980 kcal/kg -
Sweet potato, dried 1700 1920 kcal/kg -
Tallow 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 1430 1540 kcal/kg -
Tricalcium phosphate 0 0 kcal/kg -
Triticale 1800 2080 kcal/kg -
Urea 460 470 kcal/kg -
Vinasse, different origins 1100 1620 kcal/kg -
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 1190 1700 kcal/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 960 1540 kcal/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 1130 1660 kcal/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 1210 1710 kcal/kg -
Wheat bran 1390 1600 kcal/kg -
Wheat bran from starch production 1410 1610 kcal/kg -
Wheat bran, durum 1410 1630 kcal/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 1710 1880 kcal/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 1790 1940 kcal/kg -
Wheat feed flour 1870 2130 kcal/kg -
Wheat feed flour, durum 1830 2110 kcal/kg -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 1860 2140 kcal/kg -
Wheat gluten 2650 2820 kcal/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 1770 1940 kcal/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 1760 1990 kcal/kg -
Wheat middlings (average) 1560 1770 kcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, durum 1550 1780 kcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 1570 1780 kcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 1620 1840 kcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 1550 1760 kcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 1630 1850 kcal/kg -
Wheat straw 790 870 kcal/kg -
Wheat, durum 1860 2120 kcal/kg -
Wheat, soft 1830 2110 kcal/kg -
Whey permeate 1840 1890 kcal/kg -
Whey powder, acid 1770 1820 kcal/kg -
Whey powder, sweet 1840 1890 kcal/kg -
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 2170 2270 kcal/kg -
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 2520 2620 kcal/kg -
Zinc carbonate FG 0 0 kcal/kg -
Zinc carbonate RG 0 0 kcal/kg -
Zinc chloride 0 0 kcal/kg -
Zinc lysine 0 0 kcal/kg -
Zinc metal 0 0 kcal/kg -
Zinc methionine 0 0 kcal/kg -
Zinc oxide 0 0 kcal/kg -
Zinc sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 kcal/kg -