DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001

Digestible energy for ruminants, calculated at 1 x maintenance, according to NRC 2001.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 3.74 4.06 Mcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 2.17 2.39 Mcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 2.19 2.42 Mcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 2.26 2.48 Mcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 2.33 2.58 Mcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 2.17 2.38 Mcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 2.34 2.58 Mcal/kg -
Ammonium ferric citrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Apple pomace, dried 2.01 2.21 Mcal/kg -
Bakery byproduct 3.6 3.96 Mcal/kg -
Bananas, immature, dried 3.12 3.47 Mcal/kg -
Barley 3.14 3.6 Mcal/kg -
Barley distillers grains, dried 3.07 3.37 Mcal/kg -
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 0.72 2.94 Mcal/kg -
Barley rootlets, dried 2.89 3.21 Mcal/kg -
Beet pulp, dried 2.63 2.96 Mcal/kg -
Beet pulp, pressed 0.73 3.01 Mcal/kg -
Biscuit byproduct 3.74 4.09 Mcal/kg -
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried 4.13 4.52 Mcal/kg -
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried 4.73 5.14 Mcal/kg -
Blood meal 4.78 5.12 Mcal/kg -
Brewers grains, dried 2.7 2.97 Mcal/kg -
Brewers yeast, dried 3.92 4.22 Mcal/kg -
Buckwheat hulls 1.17 1.33 Mcal/kg -
Ca Al Fe phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium carbonate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium chloride anhydrous 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium chloride dihydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium iodate anhydrous 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium iodate hexahydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium iodide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium magnesium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium selenite 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium sulfate anhydrous 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Calcium sulfate dihydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 3.55 3.9 Mcal/kg -
Canola meal, oil < 5% 3.13 3.46 Mcal/kg -
Carob pod meal 2.18 2.56 Mcal/kg -
Cassava pulp, dried 2.66 2.99 Mcal/kg -
Cassava, starch 66-70% 3.05 3.48 Mcal/kg -
Cassava, starch 70-74% 3.13 3.57 Mcal/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 2.87 3.23 Mcal/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 2.54 2.83 Mcal/kg -
Chickpea, kabuli type 3.58 4.11 Mcal/kg -
Chicory pulp, dehydrated 2.17 2.45 Mcal/kg -
Citrus pulp, dried 2.93 3.24 Mcal/kg -
Citrus pulp, fresh 0.6 3.42 Mcal/kg -
Cobalt carbonate FG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Cobalt glucoheptonate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Cobalt oxide FG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Cobalt selenite 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Cobalt sulfate heptahydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Cocoa hulls 2.23 2.51 Mcal/kg -
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 2.24 2.54 Mcal/kg -
Cod liver oil 6.39 6.39 Mcal/kg -
Common bean 3.48 3.91 Mcal/kg -
Common vetch 3.29 3.77 Mcal/kg -
Copper acetate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper carbonate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper chloride dihydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper chloride tribasic 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper citrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper lysine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper methionine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper oxide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper proteinate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copper sulfate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 3.11 3.39 Mcal/kg -
Copra meal, oil < 5% 2.82 3.12 Mcal/kg -
Copra oil 8.08 8.09 Mcal/kg -
Corn gluten feed 3.03 3.45 Mcal/kg -
Corn gluten meal 4.43 4.87 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed hulls 1.6 1.76 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 3.26 3.51 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 3.71 4.03 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 3.01 3.34 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 3.31 3.65 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed, whole 3.32 3.61 Mcal/kg -
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 3.46 3.76 Mcal/kg -
Cowpea seed 3.48 3.88 Mcal/kg -
Diammonium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Dicalcium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Diiodosalicylic acid 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Disodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Disodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
DL-methionine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Dolomite limestone 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 3.37 3.89 Mcal/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 3.37 3.89 Mcal/kg -
Faba bean, white flowers 3.36 3.91 Mcal/kg -
Feather meal 4.5 4.89 Mcal/kg -
Ferric chloride 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferric citrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferric phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferric polyphosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferric pyrophosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferric sodium pyrophosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferrous carbonate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferrous chloride 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Fish meal, protein 62% 3.98 4.31 Mcal/kg -
Fish meal, protein 65% 4.04 4.39 Mcal/kg -
Fish meal, protein 70% 4.22 4.57 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, anchovy 6.39 6.39 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, capelin 6.39 6.39 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, herring 6.39 6.39 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, menhaden 6.39 6.39 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, rockfish 6.39 6.39 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, salmon 6.39 6.39 Mcal/kg -
Fish oil, sardine 6.39 6.39 Mcal/kg -
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted 4.88 5.07 Mcal/kg -
Fish solubles, condensed, fat 5.05 5.3 Mcal/kg -
Fodder beet, raw 0.52 3.24 Mcal/kg -
Grape pomace, dried 1.61 1.76 Mcal/kg -
Grape pulp, dried 1.85 2.05 Mcal/kg -
Grape seeds 1.67 1.83 Mcal/kg -
Grapeseed oil meal 1 1.13 Mcal/kg -
Grass, dehydrated 2.53 2.81 Mcal/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 3.85 4.18 Mcal/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 3.56 3.99 Mcal/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 3.34 3.73 Mcal/kg -
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified 4.1 4.44 Mcal/kg -
L-lysine HCl 0 0 Mcal/kg -
L-threonine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
L-tryptophan 0 0 Mcal/kg -
L-valine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Lard 6.36 6.36 Mcal/kg -
Lentils 3.41 3.85 Mcal/kg -
Limestone 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 3.25 3.7 Mcal/kg -
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 3.67 4.02 Mcal/kg -
Linseed, whole 4.78 5.19 Mcal/kg -
Linseed, whole, extruded 4.78 5.19 Mcal/kg -
Liquid potato feed 0.59 3.49 Mcal/kg -
Lupin, blue 3.65 4.06 Mcal/kg -
Lupin, white 3.79 4.3 Mcal/kg -
Lupin, white, extruded 3.79 4.3 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium acetate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium carbonate RG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium citrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium hydroxide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium lactate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium oxide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium oxide, granular 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium oxide, powder 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Magnesium sulfate monohydrate RG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Maize 3.33 3.86 Mcal/kg -
Maize bran 3.09 3.4 Mcal/kg -
Maize bran, starch production 2.94 3.37 Mcal/kg -
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 3.03 3.44 Mcal/kg -
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 3.46 3.86 Mcal/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 3.8 4.17 Mcal/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 3.32 3.71 Mcal/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 3 3.37 Mcal/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 3.42 3.91 Mcal/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 3.45 3.93 Mcal/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 3.72 3.84 Mcal/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 3.13 3.56 Mcal/kg -
Maize germs 4.79 5.02 Mcal/kg -
Maize starch 3.38 3.83 Mcal/kg -
Maize, extruded 3.44 3.99 Mcal/kg -
Maize, flaked 3.44 3.99 Mcal/kg -
Maize, high moisture 2.58 3.85 Mcal/kg -
Manganese carbonate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese chloride dihydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese chloride tetrahydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese methionine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO-Mn2O3 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO2 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese proteinate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Manganese sulfate monohydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Mealworm larvae, dried 5.39 5.7 Mcal/kg -
Methionine Hydroxy Analog MHA 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Milk powder, skimmed 3.86 4.08 Mcal/kg -
Milk powder, whole 4.92 5.13 Mcal/kg -
Millet, pearl 3.39 3.78 Mcal/kg -
Millet, proso 3.33 3.67 Mcal/kg -
Molasses, beet 2.74 3.63 Mcal/kg -
Molasses, sugarcane 2.54 3.51 Mcal/kg -
Molybdenum metal 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Molybdenum trioxide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monoammonium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monocalcium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monodicalcium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous FG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monosodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Monosodium phosphate hydrate FG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Mustard bran 2.33 2.6 Mcal/kg -
Oat groats 3.23 3.76 Mcal/kg -
Oat hulls 2.23 2.46 Mcal/kg -
Oats 3.05 3.48 Mcal/kg -
Oats, flaked 3.05 3.48 Mcal/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 1.38 1.55 Mcal/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 1.65 1.87 Mcal/kg -
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 1.79 2.02 Mcal/kg -
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 2.45 3.13 Mcal/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 2.25 2.46 Mcal/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 2.04 2.26 Mcal/kg -
Palm oil 8.06 8.08 Mcal/kg -
Pea 3.38 3.88 Mcal/kg -
Pea protein concentrate 4.82 5.17 Mcal/kg -
Pea, extruded 3.38 3.88 Mcal/kg -
Pentacalcium orthoperiodate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Phosphate, defluorinated 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Potassium iodide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Potato protein concentrate 4.57 4.97 Mcal/kg -
Potato pulp, dried 2.66 3.06 Mcal/kg -
Potato tuber, dried 3.22 3.61 Mcal/kg -
Poultry fat 9.1 9.1 Mcal/kg -
Processed animal proteins, pig 3.64 3.83 Mcal/kg -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 45-60% 4.58 4.98 Mcal/kg -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 60-70% 4.63 4.95 Mcal/kg -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein > 70% 4.78 5.11 Mcal/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 3.36 3.66 Mcal/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 2.85 3.2 Mcal/kg -
Rapeseed oil 8.05 8.06 Mcal/kg -
Rapeseed, whole 5.2 5.62 Mcal/kg -
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 5.2 5.62 Mcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 2.44 2.75 Mcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 2.7 3.01 Mcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 1.7 1.86 Mcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 2.83 3.15 Mcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 3.42 3.81 Mcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 2.03 2.22 Mcal/kg -
Rice hulls 1.35 1.47 Mcal/kg -
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 3.17 3.62 Mcal/kg -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 3.33 3.71 Mcal/kg -
Rice, brown 3.4 3.86 Mcal/kg -
Rice, paddy 2.78 3.16 Mcal/kg -
Rice, polished, broken 3.4 3.88 Mcal/kg -
Rye 3.18 3.67 Mcal/kg -
Seashells, ground 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Selenium methionine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Selenium yeast 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 3.83 4.12 Mcal/kg -
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 2.66 2.86 Mcal/kg -
Shrimp meal 3.19 3.48 Mcal/kg -
Sodium bicarbonate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium chloride 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium iodide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium molybdate dihydrate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium selenate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium selenite 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium sulfate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sodium-calcium-magnesium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Sorghum 3.34 3.8 Mcal/kg -
Soybean hulls 2.65 2.98 Mcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 4.08 4.38 Mcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 3.58 4.09 Mcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 3.64 4.14 Mcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 3.64 4.14 Mcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 3.64 4.14 Mcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 3.71 4.21 Mcal/kg -
Soybean molasses 1.81 3.15 Mcal/kg -
Soybean oil 8.06 8.08 Mcal/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 3.96 4.27 Mcal/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 4.15 4.45 Mcal/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 4.49 4.84 Mcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, extruded 4.46 4.99 Mcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, flaked 4.46 4.99 Mcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted 4.49 5.08 Mcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 4.62 5.09 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower hulls 1.49 1.64 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 3.25 3.47 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 3.01 3.26 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 2.96 3.27 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 2.49 2.8 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower oil 8 8.06 Mcal/kg -
Sunflower seed, whole 5.06 5.45 Mcal/kg -
Sweet potato, dried 3.19 3.62 Mcal/kg -
Tallow 6.39 6.39 Mcal/kg -
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 2.11 2.28 Mcal/kg -
Tricalcium phosphate 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Triticale 3.2 3.69 Mcal/kg -
Urea 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Vinasse, different origins 3.02 4.46 Mcal/kg -
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 3.25 4.64 Mcal/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 2.5 4.01 Mcal/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 2.95 4.34 Mcal/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 3.14 4.45 Mcal/kg -
Wheat bran 2.77 3.18 Mcal/kg -
Wheat bran from starch production 2.8 3.2 Mcal/kg -
Wheat bran, durum 2.79 3.22 Mcal/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 3.23 3.54 Mcal/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 3.34 3.63 Mcal/kg -
Wheat feed flour 3.45 3.94 Mcal/kg -
Wheat feed flour, durum 3.42 3.93 Mcal/kg -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 3.45 3.98 Mcal/kg -
Wheat gluten 4.86 5.17 Mcal/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 3.03 3.33 Mcal/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 3.01 3.4 Mcal/kg -
Wheat middlings (average) 3.01 3.42 Mcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, durum 3 3.44 Mcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 3.03 3.44 Mcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 3.1 3.53 Mcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 3.01 3.41 Mcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 3.11 3.54 Mcal/kg -
Wheat straw 1.95 2.16 Mcal/kg -
Wheat, durum 3.3 3.76 Mcal/kg -
Wheat, soft 3.24 3.73 Mcal/kg -
Whey permeate 3.52 3.61 Mcal/kg -
Whey powder, acid 3.44 3.54 Mcal/kg -
Whey powder, sweet 3.55 3.65 Mcal/kg -
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 4 4.18 Mcal/kg -
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 4.44 4.61 Mcal/kg -
Zinc carbonate FG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc carbonate RG 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc chloride 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc lysine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc metal 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc methionine 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc oxide 0 0 Mcal/kg -
Zinc sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 Mcal/kg -