Vitamin A

Vitamin A refers to a group of fat-soluble organic compounds that includes retinol, retinal and retinoic acid. The carotenes α-carotene, β-carotene, γ-carotene and the xanthophyll β-cryptoxanthin function as provitamin A in herbivores and omnivore animals that possess the enzyme β-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase. Vitamin A is found in numerous animal products whereas provitamins A are found in plants.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 207 225 1000 IU/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 55.1 60.8 1000 IU/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 55.2 60.8 1000 IU/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 91.5 101 1000 IU/kg -
Ammonium ferric citrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Bananas, immature, dried 0.2 0.3 1000 IU/kg -
Barley 2.2 2.6 1000 IU/kg -
Beet pulp, dried 0.09 0.1 1000 IU/kg -
Blood meal 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Brewers grains, dried 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ca Al Fe phosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Calcium carbonate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Calcium chloride anhydrous 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Calcium chloride dihydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Calcium iodate anhydrous 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Calcium iodate hexahydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Calcium iodide 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Calcium magnesium phosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Calcium selenite 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Calcium sulfate anhydrous 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Calcium sulfate dihydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Chickpea, kabuli type 0.6 0.7 1000 IU/kg - 1
Chicory pulp, dehydrated 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Cobalt carbonate FG 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Cobalt glucoheptonate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Cobalt oxide FG 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Cobalt selenite 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Cobalt sulfate heptahydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Cod liver oil 1000 1000 1000 IU/kg -
Common bean 0 0 0 0-0 1000 IU/kg - 10
Copper acetate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Copper carbonate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Copper chloride dihydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Copper chloride tribasic 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Copper citrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Copper lysine 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Copper methionine 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Copper oxide 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Copper proteinate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Copper sulfate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Copra oil 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Corn gluten feed 2.6 3 1000 IU/kg -
Corn gluten meal 14.2 15.6 1000 IU/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 0.5 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 0.5 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 0.4 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 0.5 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Cowpea seed 0.5 0.6 1000 IU/kg -
Diammonium phosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Dicalcium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Diiodosalicylic acid 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Disodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Disodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
DL-methionine 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Dolomite limestone 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 0.05 0.06 1000 IU/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 0.05 0.06 1000 IU/kg -
Faba bean, white flowers 0.05 0.06 1000 IU/kg -
Feather meal 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ferric chloride 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ferric citrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ferric phosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ferric polyphosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ferric pyrophosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ferric sodium pyrophosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ferrous carbonate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ferrous chloride 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fish meal, protein 62% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fish meal, protein 65% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fish meal, protein 70% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fish oil, anchovy 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fish oil, capelin 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fish oil, herring 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fish oil, menhaden 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fish oil, rockfish 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fish oil, salmon 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fish oil, sardine 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fish solubles, condensed, fat 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Fodder beet, raw 0.04 0.3 1000 IU/kg -
L-lysine HCl 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
L-threonine 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
L-tryptophan 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
L-valine 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Lard 0.3 0.3 1000 IU/kg -
Lentils 0 0 0-0 1000 IU/kg - 2
Limestone 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Linseed, whole 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Linseed, whole, extruded 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Magnesium acetate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Magnesium carbonate RG 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Magnesium citrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Magnesium hydroxide 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Magnesium lactate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Magnesium oxide 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Magnesium oxide, granular 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Magnesium oxide, powder 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Magnesium phosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Magnesium sulfate monohydrate RG 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Maize 2.3 2.7 1000 IU/kg -
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 0.9 1 1000 IU/kg -
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 0.9 1 1000 IU/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 5 5.6 1000 IU/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 4.9 5.6 1000 IU/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 0.2 0.2 1000 IU/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 0.2 0.2 1000 IU/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 0.9 1 1000 IU/kg -
Maize starch 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Maize, extruded 2.3 2.7 1000 IU/kg -
Maize, flaked 2.3 2.7 1000 IU/kg -
Manganese carbonate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Manganese chloride dihydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Manganese chloride tetrahydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Manganese methionine 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO-Mn2O3 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO2 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Manganese proteinate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Manganese sulfate monohydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Methionine Hydroxy Analog MHA 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Milk powder, skimmed 0.3 0.3 1000 IU/kg -
Milk powder, whole 9.1 9.5 1000 IU/kg -
Millet, pearl 0.03 0.03 1000 IU/kg - 1 1
Molybdenum metal 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Molybdenum trioxide 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Monoammonium phosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Monocalcium phosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Monodicalcium phosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous FG 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Monosodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Monosodium phosphate hydrate FG 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Oat groats 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Oats 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Oats, flaked 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Palm oil 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Pea 0.4 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Pea, extruded 0.4 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Pentacalcium orthoperiodate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Phosphate, defluorinated 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Potassium iodide 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Poultry fat 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Rapeseed oil 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Rye 0.01 0.01 1000 IU/kg -
Seashells, ground 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Selenium methionine 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Selenium yeast 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Shrimp meal 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Sodium bicarbonate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Sodium chloride 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Sodium iodide 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Sodium molybdate dihydrate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Sodium selenate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Sodium selenite 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Sodium sulfate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Sodium-calcium-magnesium phosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Sorghum 0.1 0.1 1000 IU/kg -
Soybean oil 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Soybean, whole, extruded 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Soybean, whole, flaked 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Sunflower oil 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Sunflower seed, whole 0.05 0.05 1000 IU/kg -
Sweet potato, dried 551 624 1000 IU/kg -
Tallow 18.3 18.3 1000 IU/kg -
Tricalcium phosphate 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Triticale 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Urea 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat bran 0.09 0.1 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat bran from starch production 0.09 0.1 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat bran, durum 0.09 0.1 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat feed flour 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat feed flour, durum 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat middlings (average) 0.09 0.1 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat middlings, durum 0.09 0.1 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 0.09 0.1 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 0.09 0.1 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 0.09 0.1 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 0.09 0.1 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat straw 0.9 1 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat, durum 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Wheat, soft 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Whey powder, acid 0.6 0.6 1000 IU/kg -
Whey powder, sweet 0.3 0.3 1000 IU/kg -
Zinc carbonate FG 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Zinc carbonate RG 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Zinc chloride 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Zinc lysine 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Zinc metal 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Zinc methionine 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Zinc oxide 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Zinc sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 1000 IU/kg -