Degradation rate of particles N (c)

Degradation rate of particles for nitrogen in the rumen (c), expressed per hour (h-1).

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter - 0.09 h-1 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter - 0.09 h-1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter - 0.09 h-1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter - 0.09 h-1 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter - 0.09 h-1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter - 0.09 h-1
Ammonium ferric citrate - 0 h-1
Ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate - 0 h-1
Barley - 0.11 0.105 0.097-0.345 h-1 8
Barley rootlets, dried - 0.085 h-1 1
Beet pulp, dried - 0.075 0.025 0.02-0.096 h-1 7
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried - 0.43 0.11-0.75 h-1 2
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried - 0.43 0.11-0.75 h-1 2
Blood meal - 0.026 0.002-0.05 h-1 2
Brewers grains, dried - 0.05 0.041 0.041-0.191 h-1 13
Brewers yeast, dried - 0.14 h-1
Ca Al Fe phosphate - 0 h-1
Calcium carbonate - 0 h-1
Calcium chloride anhydrous - 0 h-1
Calcium chloride dihydrate - 0 h-1
Calcium iodate anhydrous - 0 h-1
Calcium iodate hexahydrate - 0 h-1
Calcium iodide - 0 h-1
Calcium magnesium phosphate - 0 h-1
Calcium selenite - 0 h-1
Calcium sulfate anhydrous - 0 h-1
Calcium sulfate dihydrate - 0 h-1
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% - 0.1 0.045 0.02-0.14 h-1 6
Canola meal, oil < 5% - 0.081 0.06 0.02-0.17 h-1 6
Cassava pulp, dried - 0.13 h-1 1
Cassava, starch 66-70% - 0.045 h-1
Cassava, starch 70-74% - 0.045 h-1
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% - 0.165 0.09 0.083-0.307 h-1 7
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% - 0.165 0.09 0.083-0.307 h-1 7
Chickpea, kabuli type - 0.17 h-1 1
Citrus pulp, dried - 0.065 h-1 1
Citrus pulp, fresh - 0.065 h-1 1
Cobalt carbonate FG - 0 h-1
Cobalt glucoheptonate - 0 h-1
Cobalt oxide FG - 0 h-1
Cobalt selenite - 0 h-1
Cobalt sulfate heptahydrate - 0 h-1
Cocoa hulls - 0.041 h-1 1
Cod liver oil - 0 h-1
Common bean - 0.093 0.091-0.093 h-1 2
Copper acetate - 0 h-1
Copper carbonate - 0 h-1
Copper chloride dihydrate - 0 h-1
Copper chloride tribasic - 0 h-1
Copper citrate - 0 h-1
Copper lysine - 0 h-1
Copper methionine - 0 h-1
Copper oxide - 0 h-1
Copper proteinate - 0 h-1
Copper sulfate - 0 h-1
Copra meal, oil 5-20% - 0.05 h-1 1
Copra meal, oil < 5% - 0.04 0.03-0.049 h-1 2
Copra oil - 0 h-1
Corn gluten feed - 0.08 0.03 0.026-0.108 h-1 5
Corn gluten meal - 0.025 0.011-0.066 h-1 3
Cottonseed hulls - 0.03 0.021-0.038 h-1 2
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% - 0.065 0.064-0.086 h-1 2
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% - 0.065 h-1
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% - 0.065 0.064-0.086 h-1 2
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% - 0.065 0.064-0.086 h-1 2
Cottonseed, whole - 0.26 h-1 1
Cottonseed, whole, extruded - 0.04 h-1
Cowpea seed - 0.115 0.048 0.05-0.18 h-1 5
Diammonium phosphate - 0 h-1
Dicalcium phosphate anhydrous - 0 h-1
Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate - 0 h-1
Diiodosalicylic acid - 0 h-1
Disodium phosphate anhydrous - 0 h-1
Disodium phosphate hydrate - 0 h-1
DL-methionine - 0 h-1
Dolomite limestone - 0 h-1
Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide - 0 h-1
Faba bean, coloured flowers - 0.115 0.078-0.131 h-1 2
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded - 0.065 h-1
Faba bean, white flowers - 0.115 h-1
Feather meal - 0.121 0.105 0.002-0.25 h-1 6
Ferric chloride - 0 h-1
Ferric citrate - 0 h-1
Ferric phosphate - 0 h-1
Ferric polyphosphate - 0 h-1
Ferric pyrophosphate - 0 h-1
Ferric sodium pyrophosphate - 0 h-1
Ferrous carbonate - 0 h-1
Ferrous chloride - 0 h-1
Ferrous sulfate monohydrate - 0 h-1
Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate - 0 h-1
Fish meal, protein 62% - 0.061 0.062 0.006-0.21 h-1 16
Fish meal, protein 65% - 0.061 0.062 0.006-0.21 h-1 16
Fish meal, protein 70% - 0.061 0.062 0.006-0.21 h-1 16
Fish oil, anchovy - 0 h-1
Fish oil, capelin - 0 h-1
Fish oil, herring - 0 h-1
Fish oil, menhaden - 0 h-1
Fish oil, rockfish - 0 h-1
Fish oil, salmon - 0 h-1
Fish oil, sardine - 0 h-1
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted - 0.061 0.062 0.006-0.21 h-1 16
Fish solubles, condensed, fat - 0.061 0.062 0.006-0.21 h-1 16
Fodder beet, raw - 0.075 h-1
Grape pomace, dried - 0.057 h-1 1
Grape pulp, dried - 0.057 h-1
Grape pulp, dried - 0.057 h-1 1
Grape seeds - 0.155 h-1
Grapeseed oil meal - 0.08 h-1 1
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% - 0.105 h-1 1
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% - 0.105 h-1
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% - 0.105 h-1 1
L-lysine HCl - 0 h-1
L-threonine - 0 h-1
L-tryptophan - 0 h-1
L-valine - 0 h-1
Lard - 0 h-1
Lentils - 0.115 0.048 0.05-0.18 h-1 5
Limestone - 0 h-1
Linseed meal, oil < 5% - 0.06 h-1 1
Linseed meal, oil > 5% - 0.06 h-1 1
Linseed, whole - 0.105 h-1
Linseed, whole, extruded - 0.04 h-1
Liquid potato feed - 0.165 h-1
Lupin, blue - 0.305 0.223 0.071-0.64 h-1 6
Lupin, white - 0.119 0.057 0.059-0.221 h-1 11
Lupin, white, extruded - 0.096 0.083-0.104 h-1 3
Magnesium acetate - 0 h-1
Magnesium carbonate RG - 0 h-1
Magnesium citrate - 0 h-1
Magnesium hydroxide - 0 h-1
Magnesium lactate - 0 h-1
Magnesium oxide - 0 h-1
Magnesium oxide, granular - 0 h-1
Magnesium oxide, powder - 0 h-1
Magnesium phosphate - 0 h-1
Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate RG - 0 h-1
Magnesium sulfate monohydrate RG - 0 h-1
Maize - 0.04 0.012 0.026-0.07 h-1 8
Maize bran - 0.023 h-1 1
Maize bran, starch production - 0.08 0.03 0.026-0.108 h-1 5
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried - 0.065 0.027 0.027-0.1 h-1 5
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried - 0.065 0.027 0.027-0.1 h-1 5
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% - 0.095 h-1 1
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% - 0.095 h-1 1
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% - 0.095 h-1 1
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% - 0.095 h-1 1
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% - 0.07 h-1 1
Maize, flaked - 0.025 h-1
Maize, high moisture - 0.05 h-1
Manganese carbonate - 0 h-1
Manganese chloride dihydrate - 0 h-1
Manganese chloride tetrahydrate - 0 h-1
Manganese methionine - 0 h-1
Manganese oxide MnO - 0 h-1
Manganese oxide MnO-Mn2O3 - 0 h-1
Manganese oxide MnO2 - 0 h-1
Manganese proteinate - 0 h-1
Manganese sulfate monohydrate - 0 h-1
Mealworm larvae, dried - 0.43 0.11-0.75 h-1 2
Methionine Hydroxy Analog MHA - 0 h-1
Milk powder, skimmed - 0.05 h-1
Milk powder, whole - 0.05 h-1
Millet, pearl - 0.055 0.026-0.27 h-1 3
Millet, proso - 0.1 h-1 1
Molasses, beet - 0.05 h-1
Molasses, sugarcane - 0.05 h-1
Molybdenum metal - 0 h-1
Molybdenum trioxide - 0 h-1
Monoammonium phosphate - 0 h-1
Monocalcium phosphate - 0 h-1
Monodicalcium phosphate - 0 h-1
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous - 0 h-1
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous FG - 0 h-1
Monosodium phosphate hydrate - 0 h-1
Monosodium phosphate hydrate FG - 0 h-1
Mustard bran - 0.1 0.045 0.02-0.14 h-1 6
Oat groats - 0.1 h-1 1
Oat hulls - 0.299 h-1 1
Oats - 0.1 h-1 1
Oats, flaked - 0.16 h-1 1
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% - 0.08 0.061-0.143 h-1 3
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% - 0.08 0.061-0.143 h-1 3
Olive pulp, oil < 10% - 0.08 h-1
Olive pulp, oil > 10% - 0.08 0.061-0.143 h-1 3
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% - 0.035 0.025-0.035 h-1 3
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% - 0.035 h-1 1
Palm oil - 0 h-1
Pea - 0.115 0.048 0.05-0.18 h-1 5
Pea protein concentrate - 0.115 0.048 0.05-0.18 h-1 5
Pea, extruded - 0.163 0.15-0.18 h-1 3
Pentacalcium orthoperiodate - 0 h-1
Phosphate, defluorinated - 0 h-1
Potassium iodide - 0 h-1
Potato protein concentrate - 0.045 h-1
Potato tuber, dried - 0.08 h-1
Poultry fat - 0 h-1
Processed animal proteins, pig - 0.121 0.066 0.013-0.224 h-1 12
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 45-60% - 0.072 0.04-0.093 h-1 3
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 60-70% - 0.072 0.04-0.093 h-1 3
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein > 70% - 0.072 0.04-0.093 h-1 3
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% - 0.1 0.045 0.02-0.14 h-1 6
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% - 0.1 0.045 0.02-0.14 h-1 6
Rapeseed oil - 0 h-1
Rapeseed, whole - 0.145 h-1
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% - 0.06 h-1 1
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% - 0.06 h-1 1
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% - 0.06 h-1
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% - 0.105 h-1 1
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% - 0.105 h-1 1
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% - 0.105 h-1 1
Rice hulls - 0.06 h-1 1
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% - 0.06 h-1 1
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% - 0.105 h-1 1
Rice, brown - 0.11 h-1 1
Rice, paddy - 0.11 0.043 0.071-0.2 h-1 12
Rice, polished, broken - 0.11 h-1 1
Rye - 0.16 h-1 1
Seashells, ground - 0 h-1
Selenium methionine - 0 h-1
Selenium yeast - 0 h-1
Sesame meal, oil > 5% - 0.1 h-1 1
Shrimp meal - 0.03 h-1
Sodium bicarbonate - 0 h-1
Sodium chloride - 0 h-1
Sodium iodide - 0 h-1
Sodium molybdate dihydrate - 0 h-1
Sodium selenate - 0 h-1
Sodium selenite - 0 h-1
Sodium sulfate - 0 h-1
Sodium-calcium-magnesium phosphate - 0 h-1
Sorghum - 0.055 0.026-0.27 h-1 3
Soybean hulls - 0.06 0.023-0.063 h-1 2
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% - 0.085 h-1 1
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil - 0.085 h-1 1
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil - 0.085 h-1 1
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded - 0.08 0.068 0.05-0.225 h-1 9
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated - 0.03 h-1
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil - 0.085 h-1 1
Soybean molasses - 0.05 h-1
Soybean oil - 0 h-1
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% - 0.085 h-1
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% - 0.085 h-1
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% - 0.085 h-1
Soybean, whole, extruded - 0.04 h-1 1
Soybean, whole, flaked - 0.11 h-1
Soybean, whole, toasted - 0.085 h-1 1
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded - 0.04 h-1 1
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled - 0.16 0.069-0.23 h-1 3
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled - 0.16 0.069-0.23 h-1 3
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled - 0.16 0.069-0.23 h-1 3
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled - 0.16 0.069-0.23 h-1 3
Sunflower oil - 0 h-1
Sunflower seed, whole - 0.605 h-1
Tallow - 0 h-1
Tomato pulp, dehydrated - 0.092 h-1 1
Tricalcium phosphate - 0 h-1
Triticale - 0.23 h-1
Urea - 0 h-1
Vinasse, different origins - 0.05 h-1
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid - 0.05 h-1
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % - 0.05 h-1
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% - 0.05 h-1
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% - 0.05 h-1
Wheat bran - 0.165 0.09 0.083-0.307 h-1 7
Wheat bran from starch production - 0.165 h-1
Wheat bran, durum - 0.165 0.09 0.083-0.307 h-1 7
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried - 0.071 0.059 0.02-0.233 h-1 12
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried - 0.076 0.073-0.079 h-1 2
Wheat feed flour - 0.155 0.134-0.182 h-1 3
Wheat feed flour, durum - 0.155 0.134-0.182 h-1 3
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum - 0.155 0.134-0.182 h-1 3
Wheat middlings (average) - 0.155 0.134-0.182 h-1 3
Wheat middlings, durum - 0.155 0.134-0.182 h-1 3
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% - 0.155 0.134-0.182 h-1 3
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% - 0.155 0.134-0.182 h-1 3
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% - 0.155 0.134-0.182 h-1 3
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% - 0.155 0.134-0.182 h-1 3
Wheat straw - 0.056 h-1 1
Wheat, durum - 0.16 0.05-0.187 h-1 4
Wheat, soft - 0.16 0.05-0.187 h-1 4
Whey permeate - 0.05 h-1
Whey powder, acid - 0.05 h-1
Whey powder, sweet - 0.05 h-1
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% - 0.05 h-1
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% - 0.05 h-1
Zinc carbonate FG - 0 h-1
Zinc carbonate RG - 0 h-1
Zinc chloride - 0 h-1
Zinc lysine - 0 h-1
Zinc metal - 0 h-1
Zinc methionine - 0 h-1
Zinc oxide - 0 h-1
Zinc sulfate heptahydrate RG - 0 h-1